smud mNhn6

smud esn


   smued y-;edr gitr zNd b-;/; s;ger y-;r eb-e/ezn `r ik'b; ;l x;mY jIbns'g;mek y-;r; kerezn jIbn mOtu* p;eyr &Ot* t-;edr \pr el%; Et;ilY;n kib gIl;m a*;pilinY;err
Guillanme Appolinaire Aki$ kibt;r keYki$ z] men
pe egl "

He said, come to the edge.
They said no, we will fall.
Come to the edge, he said.
They said, no, we will fall.
He said, come to the edge!
    They came to the edge.
     He pushed them hard,
And they f-l-e-w!!

         AE kibt;r mmR;qR pli ker jIbenr pq ebez ineYizeln Amn itnjn &;rtIY prmbIerr kq; a;j
il%et besiz.

   Shlesn; b; b;Yuesn;r se^ enoesn;r Aki$ p/;n p;qRk* hl AE ey pqm dui$ b;ihnIr yu b; phr;r p;^, p/;nt" edexr sIm;er%;r keYkex; ikel;im$;err me/*E sIimt q;ek ikN enoey;;r; smudpeq pOiqbIr ey ek;en; ael igeY t;edr k;yRinbR;h krb;r suey;g p;Y. ln \ idi eqek pk;ixt
Indian Defence Review-r j;nuY;ir 1990 s'%*;Y pk;ixt AE
el%ekr
Falklands and the Four Dynamics of Naval Warfare' xIWRk el%;Y 1982 s;el E'l*;er rY*;l eni&r E'l*;
eqek p;Y eter; h;j;r ik
. im. dUer fkl*;e igeY a;ejRiN$n;r ibe enoyuer ibxd b,Rn; \ ibexW, AE kq;E
pm;, ker. btRm;n inbeN/ ey itnjn s'g;mI bIr seN/ a;el;cn; r;%; heCz t-;edr dujn aqR;_ elfe$n*;N$  r;mcr, \ elfe$n*;N$ AEc
. a;r. b;\Y;sR izeln enoesn; b;ihnIr sds* Ab' an*jn aqR;_ @" cMpkrm, ipe izeln &;retr Sb;/Int; s'g;mI.

elfe$n*;N$ r;mcr, "
   ey ek;en; k;ejE yeq s;hs in; sihut; \ men;bl q;kel m;nuW an;Y;es t; sMp kret p;er. AE st* a;r\ Akb;r pm;, krb;r jn* r;mcr, n;em g-;\eYr Aki$ ezel 1951 s;el &;rtIY enoesn;r pix=, ib&;eg kimxn ineY &itR hn pd;qRibd*;Y Am
. As. is p;x kr;r pr. itin t-;r k;ej eymn p;rdxIR etmnE e%l;/Ul;Y izeln eco%s p;h;e c;et r;Eefl c;ln;Y \ ixk;er Ab' p-;c z x m;El p;let;l; EY$ enok;y;];Y sb;r a;eg. keYk bzr b;ed r;mcr,ek &;rtIY enoesn;r a;bh;\Y; der ibexW+ ix=, ed\Y; hY. AE ib&;eg\ r;mcr, t-;r k;ejr _kWRt;r ;r; yeq sun;m ajRn kern. p;exr dxek r;mcr, \ a;im %ubE `in bN/u izl;m.
   ae$ilY;r
Royal Australian Navy y-;edr enowsinkr; pOiqbIr b j;Yg;Y ibpnk \ du"s;hisk ai&y;en igeY s;r; duinY;r px's;&;jn heYizeln 1960 s;el t-;r; di=, emet Aki$ ai&y;en p;#;b;r is;Nt gh, kern Ab' &;rtIY enoesn;ek Akjn kmR# \ du"s;hsI a;bh;\Y; ibexW+ aifs;rek p;#;b;r a;mN], j;n;Y. elfe$n*;N$ Shlesn;r k*;ep$enr sm pd;i/k;rI r;mcre,r n;m t%n girm;r ix%er t;E AE k;ej t-;ekE men;nIt kr; hl. 
   ae$ilY;r enoesn;et xUn* eqek 50 b; 70 i@gI nIecr t;p;e eb-ec q;k;r ix=; ineY r;mcr, Aki$ ibr;$ ae$ilY ai&y;nb;ihnIr s;eq di=, em y;];peq
Antarctica y;r btRm;n n;m di=,ge^;]I igeY ep-oz;n. es%;en keYkm;s Penguin, Reindeer, Polar Bear, Krill m;z Et*;idedr s;eq q;k; a&*;esr pr keYk x m;El dUer di=, emr idek y;]; kern. se^ itin ineY y;n Aki$ &;rtIY en&*;l Anisn Naval Ensign b; eni&r pt;k;. AE pt;k;r  itn ctuqR;'x hl s;d; k;pe Aki$ l;l x \ Ak ctuqR;'x &;rtIY j;tIY itr^;. 
   r;mcr, Ar a;eg k%n\ s;r; bzr tuW;r;bOt j;Yg; ede%n in
frost bite ik ijins j;netn n; brfk;$; kuul esj #;; edexr kukur ek;nidn ede%nin ikN t-;r kmR=mt; dU"s;hs Ab' adaptability b; pey;jn =mt; ede% ae$ilY ai&y;]Ir;\ a;XcyR heY y;n.      
   keYk s;h /er m;Eelr pr m;El tuW;r;bOt bN/ur p;Ntr aitm ker ai&y;]Ir; di=, emet ep-oz;Y. ae$ilY
ai&y;]Ir; t;edr pt;k; \ r;mcr, &;rtIY enoesn;r pt;k; es%;en gebRr s;eq ep;iqt kern. di=, emet elfe$n*;N$ r;mcr, izeln pqm &;rtIY ai&y;]I pd;pR,k;rI Ab' di=, emet ep;iqt pqm &;rtIY pt;k; izl &;rtIY enoesn;r Anisn. efr;r peq ebx keYkb;r ixl;p;et a;Cz pc ihmZ;Y a;;Nt h\Y; seB\ ai&y;]Ir; inibRe` ifer a;set s=m hY. &;ret ifer a;s;r pr elfe$n*;N$ r;mcr,ek idiet
Naval HeadquartersA $;Nsf;r kr; hl Antarctica et Aki$ &;rtIY enowsink ixibr Sh;pn kr;r pirkLpn; wtir kr;r k;ej. abexeW 1981 s;el di=, ge^;]I Sh;pn;r se^ t; sMp hY. du&R;g*bxt" t-;r p b;Stb;iYt h\Y; ed%;r eso&;g* r;mcre,r izl n;. di=, em eqek efr;r m;] Ak bzr b;ed 1961 s;elr xItk;el aifs eqek g-;\eY u$;er efr;r peq Ak mmR;iNtk du`R$n;Y t-;r mOtu* hY. a;j di=, ge^;]Ir strategic importance wsn*;pt*pU,R ibixt; ineY aenk a;el;cn; heCz. ikNtu as;/;r, exoeyRr njIr sOi ker di=, emet ey &;rtIY bIr pqm p; r;e%n t;r n;m Eith;esr ez-; p;t;Y imileY egez unwept, unhonoured and unsung. yid\ esE ith;isk pt;k;i$ enoesn; imijY;em s'ri=t a;ez tbu\ esE bIr edxm;tOk;r sNt;nek ek;en; pur;r b; ibexW sm;en &UiWt kr; et; hYE in t-;r SOitr eex* ek;en; ikzuE n;m;it\ hYin a;j\.

elfe$n*;N$ AEc
.a;r.b;\Y;sR "
   ib'x xtekr eg;;r idek Ak du"s;hsI yubk &;rtIY enoesn;Y td;nINtn rY*;l EiY;n emirn kimxn epeY &itR hY n;m AEc
. a;r. b;\Y;sR H.R. Bowers). ezeli$r ipt;mh &;rtIY Shlesn;Y b bzr c;kir kr;r pr b;\Y;sR pirb;r &;retE eqek y;n \ itn pueW  naturalised  &;rtIY heY y;n. b;\Y;sR izeln Ak du"s;hsI ai&y;]I ebx keYk bzr ihm;leYr p;dedex \ per tuW;r;bOt igirix%er ep-oez pbRt;er;he, ibexW p;rdixRt; ajRn kern.
   p%*;t em ai&y;]I k*;eP$n $Ar kq; sb;E a;mr; Eith;es peiz. elfe$n*;N$ b;\Y;esRr %*;it e$r k;en\ ep-oezizl. 1910 s;el k*;eP$n $ Aki$ ibr;$ di=, em ai&y;]I del b;\Y;sRek &;rtIY emirn eqek esE ai&y;en p;#;en; hY. r;mcr, eymn izeln pqm pkOt &;rtIY em ai&y;]I b;\Y;sR izeln etmnE pqm &;rtIY n;girk ibi$x ai&y;]I. A%;en e% kr; drk;r ey 1961 s;elr tuln;Y 1910A em ai&y;]Iedr y;];pq aenk ebix ki#n izl.
   elfe$n*;N$ b;\Y;sR Cct;Y izeln 5 fu$ 4 Ei ikN t-;r x;rIirk xi men;bl w/yR s;hs \ sihut; izl as;/;r, \ apirsIm.
Antarctica ep-oez j;h;j eqek enem keYk x jn ai&y;]I t-;edr bLg; hir, kukur esj t-;bu j;m;k;p %;b;rd;b;r \Wu/p] yN]p;it idgdxRn yN] pt;k; Et*;id ineY keYk s;h /er n;n;rkm p;kOitk dueyR;egr smu%In heY\ abexeW di=, emet ep-;z;n Ab' EinYn j*;k aqR;_ ibi$x j;tIY pt;k; \ rY*;l EiY;n emirenr Anisn ep;iqt kern. t;rpr Akidn b;ed es%;n eqek efrt y;]; kern. 
   efrb;r smY ek;en; as;b/;nt;bxt" b;\Y;esRr Aki$ p; tuW;r=et a;;Nt h\Y;Y itin *;cin&Rr heY pen Ab' esE ehtu eg;$; ai&y;]Idelr git kem y;Y t;et ebx keYkidn edir\ heY y;Y. eyehtu %;b;r jB;l;in \ an*;n* rsd emep en\Y; heYizl inidR smeYr jn* t;et\ $;n pe Ab' 0 i@gI eqek 50 i@gI inecr t;p;e ibpd b;et q;ek. j;h;j eqek y%n \-r; m;] 11 m;El dUer t%n hl pc ixl;bOi \ ihmZ; y;r jn* ai&y;n Aekb;er eqem egl. p;eY tuW;r=etr d, b;\Y;sR p;Y clCziriht heY p;Y b;ik sb;EeYr e`;r ibpd e@ek a;neln. /Irgitet hel\ ;c ineY itin t-;r y;]; bj;Y ere%izeln. \-r adm* s;hs ede% t-;rE @;eYiret b;\Y;esRr m;ek ex* ker Ak ici#et k*;eP$n $ il%eln
'I believe your son is the hardest traveller that has ever undertaken a Polar journey, as well as one of the most undaunted. Never has there been such a sturdy, active, undefeatable little man.            
 
'I write when we are very near the end of our journey, and I am finishing it in company with two gallant, noble gentlemen. One of them is your son. He has come to be one of my closest and soundest friends, and I appreciate his wonderful upright nature, his ability and energy. As the troubles have thickened, his dauntless spirit has ever shone brighter, and he has remained cheerful, hopeful and indomitable to this day when he is in extreme agony.'
  
b;\Y;sRR AEsmY buZet p;reln t-;r xqtm gitet clel b;ik ai&y;]Ir; sb;E j;h;ejr inr;p;Y ep-ozb;r aenk a;egE tuW;rZ;bOt heY m;r; y;ebn k;r, duidn a;egE sb %;b;r \ jB;l;in k;# \ kYl; exW heY egez Ab' \-r jn*E b;ik a&u ai&y;]Iedr mOtu*br, kret heb. esEidn m;Zr;et y%n b;ik sb;E t-;edr t-;buet ixip' b*;eg !uek g&Ir ind;mg t%n b;\Y;sR t-;r t-;bu eqek ebireY inex heY y;n y;et t-;r jn* an*r; t-;edr jIbn n; h;r;n. pridn e&;er aenk %-uej\ \-ek p;\Y; y;Y in. b;ik ai&y;]Ir; aenk k sh* ker abexeW j;h;ej Aes ep-oz;n.
   k*;eP$n $ t-;r x*;lkek Aki$ ici#et ele%n
'There is a piece of the flag we put up at the South Pole in my private kit bag...... send a small piece to the king and another piece to the Queen..... a third piece is in the Royal Indian Marine's officers Mess in Bombay, with the cups and spoons Bowers carried with him on his journey, and which were found in his last camp...'   duidn b;ed k*;eP$n $\ brf c;p; pe m;r; y;n.
   AE pt;k;r a'xi$ Ab' elfe$n*;N$ b;\Y;esRr epY;l; \ keYki$ c;mc mu;EeYr
Middleground  Iep &;rtIY enoesn;r s'ghx;l;Y s'ri=t a;ez aen*r p;, b-;c;b;r jn* jIbn eCz;Y ibsjRn edb;r AErkm indxRn sit*E ibrl.

@" cMpkrm, ipe "
   E'r;ijet bel
Truth is often stranger than fiction' aqR;_ st* k%n\ k%n\ kLpn; eqek\ cmkpd hY. @" cMpkrm, iper jIbnk;ihnI pel A kq;Y ibXb;s a;r\ ebe y;eb.
   1966 s;elr 19 eseP$r ;/In &;retr pqm uj;r &;rtIY enoesn;ep;t idi j;h;j Aki$ &Sp;e] &;rtIY ;/Int;r mh;ey;; @" cMpkrm, iper edh;bexW ineY ek;icn  bNder pebx ker ;/Int; s'g;emr eex* t-;r edx z;;r i#k 58 bzr per. @" iper p izl edx ;/In h\Y;r pr ;/In &;retr enoj;h;ej edexr etr^; pt;k; ieY itin t-;r ek;icenr wpi]k i&$;Y ifrebn. ifreln i#kE teb Aki$ &Sp;e] j;tIY sm;enr se^&;eg*r ik prm pirh;s itin e&ebizeln h;j;r h;j;r el;k p;e d-;ieY ;/In &;ret t-;ek h;ismue% ssm;en a&*qRn; j;n;eb ikNtu t-;r &S;bixek a&*qRn; j;n;el; be$ ajs m;nuW teb axӲis ec;e% Ab' g&Ir x; j;n;el; eXbtpu:p h;et \ nIrbt;r se^. 
   @" iper jNm hY 15 eseP$r 1891 s;el iqanNtpurm
(Trivandrum- iq kq;i$r aqR xIA. uel q;k;k;lInE itin ;/Int; s'g;em Z-;ipeY pen. aLp bYesE ipe bUZet eperizeln ey b;Eerr edexr s;h;y* z;; E'erjek h$;en; sb nY. t;E itin m;] 17 bzr bYes edx eze enplsA igeY ep-oz;n. es%;en \ per b;ilRen igeY r;nIit aqRibd*; \ pUtRibd*; ineY p;ex;n; ker ipe ip. AEc. i@. p;n. t;rperE itin &;retr ;/Int; s'g;mIrep j;mR;nedr s;h;ey* Aki$ r;jwnitk dl g#n kern y;r n;m izl International Pro-India Committee. Az;; itin Pro-India n;em Aki$ s'b;dpe]r pk;xn;\ kern. 
   191418 s;elr pqm mh;yu cl;k;lIn Aki$ j;mR;n j;h;j Ame@n ec;E t_k;lIn m;d;j bNder eg;l;bWR, ker. ec;EA sfl a;me,r pr Ame@n j;h;ji$ ek;icenr k;ez igeY en;r efel \ ipe j;h;ejr Aki$ enok;Y ek;icn bNder Aes t-;r ipt;m;t;r s;eq ed%; ker inibRe` j;h;ej ifer y;n. ibi$x ktORp= A b*;p;er ikzuE j;net p;erin. Ame@n j;h;ji$ keYkm;s per Aki$ enoyue /B's heY @ueb y;Y ikN ipe \ j;h;ejr ikzu n;ibk eb-ec y;n Ab' b;ilRen ifer a;esn.
   ipe ibXb;s kretn ey ek;en; wbedixk xir s;h;y* z;; &;retr ;/Int; ajRn sb heb n;. esE ibXb;s ineY 1915 s;elr i@esr m;es itin k;buel a;esn Ab' Aki$
Provisional Government for Free India g#n kern y;r s&;pit izeln r;j; mehNd pt;p is' p/;nmN]I izeln jn;b brkt; \ ibedxmN]I izeln ipe Y'. t-;r a;x; izl j;mR;inr s;h;ey* ;/Int; ajRn krb;r pr AE srk;rek idiet Sh;n;Ntirt kr; heb.
   AE smeY itin a;r\ Aki$ s'Sh;
Indian National Volunteer Corps (INVC) g#n kern y-;edr p/;n k;j izl ibi$x &;retr esn;b;ihnIet ibed;ehr bIj bpn kr; y;et t-;edr s;eq h;t imileY E'erjedr &;rt z;et b;/* kr; y;Y. ikN AE k;ej ebixdUr agsr h\Y;r a;egE j;mR;in pr;ijt hb;r pr pqm mh;yu exW heY y;Y Ab' iper a;x; inr;x;Y pir,t hY.
1919 s;el i&eYn;et ent;jI su&;WcNd eb;esr s;eq @" iper ed%; hY \ dI`R a;el;cn;r pr itin buZeln ey su&;WceNdr pli\ AkE aqR;_ b;Eerr s;h;y* z;; &;rtek ;/In kr; sb nY.
INVCr k;yRkl;p ede% su&;WcNd %ubE _s;iht hn. ikzu ikzu r;nIit ibexWkr; men kern ey AE smeYE ent;jIr men a;E. An. A.r pirkLpn; d;n; b-;e/. ex;n; y;Y ipe \ ent;jI AE smY eqekE jY ihNd es;g;ni$r ibedex b*bh;r kerizeln.
   bzerE ipe i&eYn;et
League of the Oppressed People n;em Aki$ s'Sh; sOi kern Ab' Aki$ pOiqbIb*;pI a;eNd;lenr jn* bmR; btRm;n imY;nm;r cIn q;El*; ijP$ tur a;emirk; Et*;id edex igeY xt xt s&;Y jns;/;r,ek AxIY edxilr ;/Int;r a;el; ed%;n \ jnmt wtir kr;r ec; kern. per itin i&eYn;etE a;r\ Aki$ s'Sh; 'Orient Club' Sh;pn kern.
di=, a;ifk;Y\ g;N/Iijr s;eq @" ipe ed%; kerizeln. g;N/Iijr ashey;g \ edxI a;eNd;ln t-;r %ubE &;el; elegizl ikN t-;r dO ibXb;s izl ey
direct action b; pt*= s'g;m z;; &;retr m;i$ eqek ibi$x s;m;ej*r exk _p;$n sb heb n;.
1931 s;el l=Ib; n;em Aki$ mi,purI emeYr s;eq j;mR;inetE iper ibb;h hY Ab' dujenE %ub su%I d;Mpt* jIbn y;pn kern. ibb;eh aitiqedr me/* b;ilRenr b g,*m;n* j;mR;n \ &;rtIY izeln. ibb;ehr pr A-edr inejedr ekn; b;iet itn bzr /er ey sb &;rtIY Aes bsb;s kerizeln t-;edr me/* em;itl;l enh su&;WcNd eb;s mdnem;hn m;lb* \ ek
. Am. p;inkrAr n;m ibexW&;eb e%ey;g*. ;/Int; yuer n;n; pirkLpn; esE smeY es%;en a;el;ict hY.
   1934 s;elr pqm idekE du&R;g*bxt" @" ipe asuSh heY pen Ab' t-;ek b;ilRen
Prussian State HospitalA &itR kr; hY. ikN t-;r abSh;r dӳt abnit het q;ek Ab' esE bzerr 26 em ;/Int; s'g;mI @" cMpkrm, ipe m;] 43 bzr bYes exW in"Xb;s t*;g kern. seNdh kr; hY ey j;mR;n srk;err k;ez Aki$ irep;$R Aesizl y;et ipeek Akjn ibi$x cr iheseb ed%;en; hY Ab' ih$l;err a;edex t-;ek eg;pen mNhr ibWpeY;eg ht*; kr; hY teb Akq; pm;, kr; essmY sb izl n;.
xbd;ehr pr Aki$ p;e] iper &S;bexW ere% xImtI l=Ib; b;ilRen ikzuidn q;ekn. 1966 s;elr 19 efbӳY;rI itin &;rtIY k'egesr t_k;lIn s&;pit xI ek
. k;mr;jek Aki$ pe] j;n;n ey t-;r ;mIr mOtu*r dubzr b;ed aqR;_ 1936 s;el t-;ek t-;r b;ilRenr b;i eqek bih:kOt kr; hY. t;rpr itin t-;r ;mIr &S;/;r ineY mu;E ifer a;esn.
   esE ici#et xImtI l=Ib; a;r\ ele%n
' My husband's ashes have been kept in the drawing room of my flat in Bombay, awaiting the honour commensurate with the bold, noble and self-sacrificing life led by Dr. Pillai for the sake of his motherland. When he was alive he had taken a vow that he would return to the land of his birth in a powerful warship fiying the flag of the Indian Republic. But cruel fate willed otherwise and he died an untimely death on foreign soil of suspected slow poisoning. He died a crushed and wounded man in the service of his country though he was the only man in Germany who had the moral courage to challenge Adolf Hitler when the latter made disparaging  remarks about India. It was because of this that both he and I suffered numerous troubles and difficulties in Germany including the loss of our flat and belongings.
   'Now that India is free, independent and a republic, it is time that it carried out the cherished desire of Dr. Pillai as a mark of respect to the memory of a man who gave all his time, energy and thought for the liberation of his country. I feel it would be a most significant and noble gesture on the part of the Government if his ashes are taken from Bombay in a warship of the Indian Navy to Cochin, the biggest port in Kerala and the land of his birth and where he once landed during World War I from the German Naval Ship Emden.........
   'For the past thirty years, I have preserved the ashes as the symbol of the partriot  who gave his all and who gained nothing. I have lived a lone life.....I only want the dream of Dr. Pillai to be honoured with me accompanying the ashes.'

   
xImtI l=Ib; xIk;mr;jek a;r\ j;n;n ey mu;E xher Aki$ Dr. Champakaraman Pillai Memorial Committee g#n kr; heYez y;r s&;pit izeln t_k;lIn ekNdIY erlmN]I xI As. ek. p;i$l. muEeYr k'egs h;es @" iper Aki$ pitkOit en;cn krb;r smY xIp;i$l belizeln 'When the country becomes independent, it is not possible to forget those who achieved it. Dr. Pillai was the greatest of revolutionaries, who really carried the torch of freedom to other countries.'
   
xIk;mr;ejr ici# p;b;r pr xIp;i$l xImtI l=Ib;eYr ici#i$ r=;mN]I \Y;E. ib. c*bnek  1966 s;elr 4 Aipl p;i#eY edn. xIc*bn 15 Aipl xImtI l=Ib;ek ele%n ey 17 eseP$r 1966 t;ire% &;rtIY enoesn; ep;t idi itIY mh;yuer Battle of the River PlateA idi j;h;j as;/;r, ibm edi%eYizl @" iper &S;/;r \ xImtI ipeek ineY r\n; heb Ab' 19 eseP$r ek;icn bNder ep-oz;eb. i#k 58 bzr a;eg 19 eseP$r 1908 s;el ipe ;/Int; yue Z-;p edb;r jn* edx ezeizeln.
  mh;r; \ ekr;l; srk;r &;rtIY enoesn; \ edexr el;k @" iper &S;/;r ssm;en smudpeq ek;icn ineY y;b;r jn* c;r m;sb*;pI pStuit kreln. muEeYr enowsink @kEY;@R \ puer; bNdr pt;k; \ fuel susit kr; hl 17 eseP$r 1966 s;elr p&;et. muEeYr Shlesn; b;Yuesn; enoesn; Ab' puilexr aifs;r \ ej;Y;nr; xherr p/;n r;St;r du/;er smebt hn h;j;r h;j;r dxRkedr se^. Aki$ ex;&;y;];Y xImtI l=Ib; @" iper &S;/;r ineY srk;ir sm;nsh keYki$ susit pt;k;r s;ir \ et;r, ex;i&t pq pirm; ker en&;l @kEY;e@R a;E An As idi j;h;ej igeY \e#n. itni$ esn;r b*;er b;jn; ibgl/Bin \ ejn;erl s*;lue$r s;eq @" iper &S;bexWek exW ibd;Y j;n;en; hY.
  19ex eseP$r AkE rkm s;js;Y ek;icn bNder j;h;ji$ek @" iper &S;/;ri$ek \ xImtI ipeek nIrb a&*qRn; j;n;en; hY. ek;icenr eni&r ixibr
INS Venduruthyet keYkidn r;%; hY \ l= l= el;k es%;en Aes @" iper a;t;ek axӲis ec;e% sm;n j;n;Y. @" iper keYkjn &;E \ b a;tIYjn piSht eqek l=* kern ik&;eb 'home they brought the warrior dead.' ikzuidn per esE &S;/;ri$ @" iper gOeh ineY igeY r;%; hY.
   esE bzerE 2 ae;br kn*;kum;rIet be^;p;s;gr a;rb s;gr \ &;rt mh;s;gerr imlnShel Ab' ibebk;nNd rekr di=e, t-;r mOtu*r 32 b_sr per x;;id iY; sMp ker @" cMpkrm, iper &S smued ibsjRn kr; hl. edexr b j;Yg;Y ibexW ker ekr;l; \ t;imln;ur xher xher \ g;em g;em miNder msijed \ c;ecR @" iper a;t;r sdgitr jn* p;qRn; s&;r\ a;eY;jn kr; heYizl.
1966 s;el a;im ek;icenr enoesn;r eg;l;bWR,
Gunnery ix=,ekeNd INS Dronacharyaet ix=k izl;m. idi j;h;j y%n ek;icn bNder pebx ker 19 eseP$err p&;et t%n a;im\ es%;en piSht izl;m kmRktR;edr s;eq ibr;$ p*;ere@ Ak mh;n ;/Int; ey;;r mredehr &S;bexeWr gOeh pt*;btRn pt*= krb;r jn*. AE hdySpxIR dOx*i$ b;ik jIbn a;m;r m;nspe$ Bl re \ er%;Y a-;k; q;keb.
   r;mcr, b;\Y;sR b; @" ipeek ek;nidn ek;n r;IY sm;en &Uit kr; heb ik n; j;in n;. teb A$uku j;in ey edexr jns;/;re,r SOitet t-;edr bIyR sihut; adm* edxepm \ a;td;enr d;hr, icrk;elr jn* &;r heY q;keb.

tq*sU] "
1
Focklands and the Four Dynamics of Naval Warfare- by Samudrasen
2 Under Two Ensigns - Samudrasen
3 A History of the Royal Indian Navy- by Commoder G.E. Walkar
4 History of the Navy- Lt. C.R. Low
5 j;tIY s'b;dp] \ pi]k;Y pk;ixt keYki$ pbN/
6 el%ekr gt i]x bzer el%; irs;cR epp;r men;g;f \ an*;n* rcn;

k*;eP$n i@. An. muk;ijR rY*;l EiY;n eni&
&;rtIY enoesn;Y pqm &;rtIY kimxn@ aifs;r

   &;rtIY enoesn;Y pqm &;rtIY kimxn@ aifs;r izeln k*;eP$n i@. An. muk;ijR. Ein 1928 s;el &;rtIY enoesn;r EiinY;ir' ib&;eg s;belfe$n*;N$ ped &itR heYizeln.
   p;$n;r Aki$ s;Nt b;;il pirb;err ezel muk;ijR p;$n; ibXbibd*;lY eqek ib
. As. is an;sR p;x kr;r pr klk;t;Y emirn AiinY;ir'A ib. E. p;x ker $l*;e Renfrew bNder William Simons ek;Mp;nIet Ccix=; l;& ker Glasgow r Royal Technical College eqek  Master's Degree l;& kern.
   1928 s;el &;rtIY enoesn;Y &itR hb;r pr Ein n;n; bNder \ b j;h;ej k;j kern. 1940 s;el itIY mh;yuer smY in &;rtIY enoesn;r
H.M.I.S. Pathan j;h;ejr Engineer Officer izeln. bzerr jun m;es &;rtIY mh;s;ger Aki$ j;mR;n j;h;ejr s;eq enoyue x]r torpedo eleg p;#;n j;h;ji$ @ueb y;Y. eso&;g*bxt" muk;ijR Ab' a;r\ keYkjn aifs;r \ n;ibk eb-ec y;n yid\ \-r p;Y smSt xrIr engine roomAr a;en pue igeYizl. inejr jIbn ibp ker ebx keYkjn n;ibk \ aifs;rek b-;c;b;r jn* in &;EsreYr px's;p] p;n. edex ifer \-ek p;Y Ak bzr h;sp;t;el q;ket heYizl. 
   k*;eP$n i@
. An.
muk;ijR aenk e,r ai/k;rI izelnel%;p; g;nb;jn; j;h;ejr yN]ib+;n Et*;idet \-r _kWR sbRjnibidt izl. ;/Int;r Ak bzr pr 1948 s;el in absr ineY m;ecRN$ eni&et cel y;n.    
    
 


" sUicp] "
smud[ mNqn 1 " &;rtIY enob;ihnIr rY*;l ebgl $;Eg;r
smud[ mNqn 2 " smud[pq " &;rtIY iteh*r rt;g;r
smud[ mNqn 3 " &;rtIY s;muidk iteh* Ak njr
smud[ mNqn 4 " ezciexr enoibed;h
smud[ mNqn 5 " j;h;j inmR;e, &;retr itih*k _kWR
smud[ mNqn 6 " edxegorb i]ibm
smud[ mNqn 7 " eno esn;r p;Yr; @;k b*bSh;
smud[ mNqn 8 " a;Nd;m;n \ inek;br &;retr s;muidk phrI
smud[ mNqn 9 " a;Nd;m;n inek;br \ l;=; Ippu

a;kR;E& sUicp]

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