&;rtIY s;muidk ith* j;tIY jIben Ak ann*s;/;r, idk. bidn /er a;mr; ibXbek AE ibexW e=e] pq edi%eYiz Ab' y;r s;=* Eith;s bhn ker celez. esE j;tIY &;bn;r IpnmN]ek i`erE a;m;edr pY;s smudmNqn.
smud[mNhn 3

&;rtIY s;muidk iteh* Ak njr
(Akk;elr k;l;p;in eqek a;jekr smudsm prm XbyR)
smud esn

   xIr;mkO Akb;r belizeln ey piti$ j;h;ejr s;erer k;ez Aki$ rmu%I cuk q;ek y;r n;m kMp;s Ab' t;rE s;h;ey* esE j;h;ji$ek gNtb*Shel inibRe` epo-ez ed\Y; y;Y. etmin a;m;edr pet*ekr hdeY Aki$ &gb;nmu%I kMp;s a;ez y; a;m;edr jIbntrIek &bs;gr p;r h\Y;r pq edi%eY edY.
   a;m;edr &;rtIYedr jIben &;rt mh;s;gr \ t;r s;eq a;rb s;gr \ beg;ps;gr AE &bs;gerr met;E Aki$ at*Nt peY;jnIY p;kOitk XbyR y;r m;h;t* a;mr; ebixr &;g &;rtIYE i#k buiZ n;.

   AE xt;Ir pqemE j;n; igeYizl ey a;m;edr isN/u pt*k; p-;c h;j;r bzr puer;en;. ikNtu bzr c;erk a;eg a;ib:k;r heYez ey a;m;edr srSbtI pt*k; s&*t; dx h;j;r bzr a;eg sO \ pOiqbIr sbR;ep=; pur;tn s&*t;. EeY;er;pIY s&*t; gIk s&*t; imxrIY s&*t; m/* AixY s&*t; di=, a;emirk;r m;Y; s&*t; \ m/* a;if[k;r s&*t; t;r aenk h;j;r bzr per ut. a;er; a;ib:k;r heYez ey srSbtI n;em Aki$ ndI sit*E izl y; rpedexr ixb;ilk p;h; eqek p;;b idi hirY;n; r;jSh;n jr;t \ p;ikSt;n heY a;rb s;ger igeY pet; Ab' j;Yg;Y j;Yg;Y Ar ibStOit dx ikel;im$;r pyRNt izl. AE ndIr du/;er izl 1400i$ jnpd y;r me/* p;Y Ak h;j;r jnpd izl a;m;edr &;ret \ c;rex; jnpd btRm;n p;ikSt;en. per Ak ibr;$ &UimkeMp sb /B's heY y;Y. p;#k ejen a;XcyR hebn ey AE s&*t;r ibStOit izl pUebR rpedx eqek piXcem Er;k pyRNt Ab' er tukReminSt;n eqek di=e, eg;d;brI pt*k; pyRNt. a;er; j;n; egez ey &;rtIY s&*t;r A%;enE sOi \ a;yRr; AE aelE b;s kretn dx h;j;r bzr a;eg. s&*t;r W;Y s;muidk kOi \ s;muidk prMpr;r A%;enE jn y;r jn* p/;nt d;YI emosumI pb;h.
   atl;iNtk \ px;Nt mh;s;gerr eceY a;m;edr &;rt mh;s;gr aenk &;ebE a;l;d;. dui$ mh;s;gr p;Y sIm;hIn ikNtu &;rt mh;s;gerr ctuidRk i`er reYez aenk edexr \ mh;edexr t$er%; di=e, tuW;r;bOt di=, em pixcem suibx;l pUbR a;if{k; pUebR bmR; m;leYixY; EeNd;enixY; \ aeS$ilY; Ab' er di=, AixY; y;r Akz] ai/pit &;rtIY epinnsul; (peninsula) wd`R* \ pSq itn h;j;r ikel;im$;err ebix \ y;r t$er%; 7600 ikel;im$;err \pr. t;r se^ a;ez a;Nd;m;n inek;br \ l;=; dIppuer t$er%;.
keYk h;j;r bzr /er emosumI \ an* keYki$ tuibix b;Yur sh;Yt;Y a;m;edr kOi \ b;i,j* AixY; Ab' EeY;er;epr aenk edex zieYez y;r ich a;j\ dOx*m;n. AkE se^ xk n dl p;#;n em;gl \ t;edr pUebR pirb;jk \ ds*ur; pOiqbIr n;n; edx eqek keYk h;j;r bzr /er &;ret Aes Ak edeh hl lIn y;r Aki$ indxRn heCz a;Nd;m;enr j;Y; \ig esiN$enilj \ an*;n* a;idb;sIr; y;r; pStr yueg a;if{k; eqek Aesizl. Ar; eg;N@\Y;n;l*; pUebR AixY; \ di=, AixY; heY &;rtbeWR a;es Ab' per ez;$ ez;$ k;e#r wtir enok;Y beg;ps;gr p;r hey AE Ipilr ai/b;sI hY.
   es yuegr &;rtIY ep;;m;i$r $;k; \ em;hr m;i$r p;e]r &;; $uker;et e%;d;E edY;el ic]ilip a;idm k;elr yN]p;it \ rN/nx;l;r b;sn p;\Y; egez r \ m/* a;if{k;Y di=, EeY;er;ep Ab' piXcm AixY;Y y; pm;, ker ey es yueg &;rtbWR eqek b;i,j* j;h;ejr s'SpxR epeYizl suemr (b*;ibln) imxr I$ p;rs* gIs \ a;er; bedx. a;eg a;m;edr s;muidk sMpkR izl j;p;n pyRNt p;Y sb edexE. &;rtIY &;W;r p;cIn &UjRpe] p;\Y; el%; wcink a;rbI p;risk \ EeY;er;pIY y;]Iedr @;eYrI Ab' esE yuegr p[Strilip n;n;n /B's;bexeWr k;k;yR \ $;k;r z;p eqek Akm;] pm;i,t hY ey AE b;i,j* ebx keYk h;j;r bzr /er celizl.
b*;iblenr r;j; enbuk;@enj;err p;s;ed \ an*;n* j;Yg;Y p;\Y; egez ed\Y;l wtirr jn* b*bht keYki$ &;rtIY g;ezr -i. eGbed a;ez ey AE s;muidk pqil a;ib:k;r kr;r jn* izl b,edebr a;xIbR;d. aqbRebed ed%; y;Y es yuegr ibx;l &;rtIY j;h;ejr b,Rn;. r;m;Ye, reYez esE edexr kq; ey%;en -eY;ep;k; eqek suet; b;r ker wtir ht erxm aqR;_ cIn edx ; el;iht s;gr ideY esE suet;Y eb;n; k;p p;#;en; het; piXcem. mh;&;ret a;ez p;b \ ekorbedr enoesn;nIr j;h;ejr Ab' t;et b*bht aS]xeS]r ibbr,. bO=a;yuebRed a;mr; p;E ed h;j;r bzr a;eg j;h;j wtiret b*bht k;e#r j;t \ t;edr , ibc;r. gIk ith;isk a*;ireYn (Arrian)Ar el%; eqek j;n; y;Y ey a;elkj;;err enoesn;b;ihnIr a/*= a*;@imr;l inYrc;s (Nearchus) a;$ex;i$ &;rtIY j;h;ej &;rtIY n;ibkedr s;h;ey* t-;r Ak l= wsn* ineY isN/u nd ideY smued epo-ez a;rb s;gr p;r heY edex ifer y;n.
   gt dx h;j;r bzer a;m;edr kOir p&;b pUebR \ piXcem h;j;r h;j;r m;El dUr edex zieY pe. es%;nk;r &;W;Y wdniNdn jIbny;];Y /mRp;len \ ix=;YdI=;Y ik g&Ir z;p ere% egez t;r aenk$;E hYet; a;m;edr j;n; enE. eymn pOiqbIr sbeceY puer;en; cuMbk kMp;s &;ret ut srSbtI pt*k; s&*t;r smY. esi$ izl Aki$ e%;l; b;e m_s* a;k;err Aki$ lMb; cuMbk k;e#r $uker;Y l;igeY etelr \pr &;s;en;. esE &;sm;n m;ezr m;q; remr idek Ab' l*;j di=, emr idek q;ket;. m_s* ibur pqm abt;r t;E kMp;si$r n;m\ izl m_s*yN].
   itn h;j;r bzr a;eg p;res*r ez;$ Aki$ r;ej*r r;j; j;ress (Xerxes) Aki$ yue s;h;ey*r jn* di=, &;rtIY Ak r;j;r seg keYk h;j;r wsn* eceY p;#;n. esE wsn* y%n keYki$ j;h;ej p;res* igeY epo-z;Y t%n Sq;nIY wsn*r; &;rtIY wsn*edr tuel;r suet;Y eb;n; k;per idR ede% a;XcyR heY igeYizl; k;r, tuel; t%en; pixcm AixY;Y b; EeY;er;ep igeY epo-z;Yin. esE yueg es%;nk;r el;ekr; pir/;enr jn* /u kkR c;m; g;ezr z;l \ elir b*bh;r j;net;. tuel; ik ijins ij+;s; kr;Y &;rtIY wsinkedr jb;b eqek t;r; j;net p;rl ey tuel; g;ez hY. esE smYk;r p;res*r ith;iskr; il%eln &;rtIY idR ey ijins ideY wtir t; ey e&;r g; eqek en\Y; hY esE e&; g;ez hY per AE p;rs* heYE tuel; EeY;er;ep igeY epo-ezizl.
    Aki$ &;rtIY b;i,j*ep;t 800 %I;e smudy;];peq Zer mue% pe Ab' e&es e&es j;p;enr t$er%;Y a;$ek y;Y. AE j;h;ej k;p;s g;ezr keYk x c;r; ek;q;\ ineY y;\Y; hiCzl. esE `$n;r me/* ideYE j;p;nIr; pqm k;p;s g;ezr se^ pirict hl. t;rpr pUebR \ piXcem a;mr;E tuel; p;#;en; krl;m.
   dUredex ebx keYki$ j;Yg;r n;m &;rtIY x eqek en\Y; b; ed\Y;. eymn piXcm AixY;r sek;]; (Socotra) Iepr n;emr &;rtIY _s izl su%;/;r xIl;r n;m ed\Y; heYizl Sb,R al;r inek;berr n;m izl n;kIp aqR;_ lgedr Ip. p;kOt &;W;Y n;k m;en lg.
   q;El*; b; x*;medex &;rtIYedr n;m kI (Kling); k;r, Akk;el kilg r;j;r; es%;en r;jtB kerezn. AE k;re, q;E \ \iY; &;W;r ilipet aut s;dOx* a;ez. imY;nm;r aqR;_ bmR;r keYki$ a'ex &;rtIYedr bel etl;. k;r, es%;en aN/[pedexr etel r;j;r; keYkx bzr r;jtB kerizeln.
   j;p;enr keYki$ puer;en; bumiNderr edy;el ey bmN] e%;d;E kr; a;ez t;r ilip W:# xt;Ir b;l;. esE smY ikzu b;;il i&=u j;p;en igeY AE ilip e%;d;EeYr k;j kerizeln.
   &;eSk;@;g;m;r duex; bzr a;eg eqek eSpn ptRug;l \ an*;n* EeY;er;pIY edxb;sIr; smudpeq &;ret a;s;r ec; krizl. ikNtu t;r; /u coastal navigation j;netn. t;E EeY;er;p eqek a;if{k;r piXcm pkUl heY di=e, igeY m;x; aNtrIep epo-ez a;ifk;r pUbR pkUl ideY piXcm AixY;r /;r e`-eW &;ret epo-zb;r ec; bb;r kerizl. ikNtu pUbR a;if{k;r em;j;ik epo-zb;r pr a;r t;r; Aeg;et p;ret; n;. a;rb j;h;jil es%;n eqek t;edr a;r agsr het idt n;. t;edr a;m, ker hY t;ieY idt nYet; j;h;j @uibeY idt. Astral b; stellar navigation aqR;_ a;k;exr t;r;r s;h;ey* idk in,RY ker j;h;j c;ileY mh;smud p;r h\Y; (AE e=e] &;rt mh;s;gr p;r h\Y;) t;r; j;net; n;. &;eSk;@;g;m; t-;r j;h;j em;j;ik eqek k;ilke$ a;net eperizeln Aki$ &;rtIY jr;it muslm;n eni&eg$r b; s;muidk idkdxRekr s;h;eY* t;r n;m izl @;&;en.
   ibi$x a;melr rY*;l EiY;n eni&r pn hY 1612 s;el sur;t EiY;n emirn n;em. EiY;n emirn j;h;ejr pt;k;Y (naval ensignA) izl eter;i$ sm;Ntr;l er%; (s;ti$ l;l \ zi$ s;d;) Ab' \perr aNtiSqt ctuqR;'ex izl esN$ jejRs s (St. George's Cross). a;emirk;r Sb;/Int; yuer smY ebx keYki$ EiY;n emirenr j;h;j ibi$x ktROp= t-;edr heY lb;r jn* a;emirk;Y ineY y;Y. t;r me/* Aki$ek a;emirk;nr; k; ker efel. esE smY 13i$ t;r; l;igeY a;emirk;r pqm j;tIY pt;k; S$;rs A*; S$;Eps wtir hY. j;h;ji$r n;m izl AEc Am a;E As (HMIS) imen (Minden). AE j;h;ejrE b*; k;;r
f{;iNss kI rcn; kern a;emirk;r j;tIY s^It id S$;rSp*;gl@ b*;n;r (The Star-Spangled Banner). per r;ej*r
s'%*; /Ier /Ier ebe pt;k;Y t;r;r s'%*; p;exr \pr e#ez
ikNtu sm;Ntr;l er%;r s'%*; A%en; 13E a;ez.
    %IpUbR Ak h;j;r bzr eqek di=, &;rt \ gIesr me/* ey s;midk b;i,j* cel a;sez t;r Aki$ pm;, gIk &;W;Y aenk t;iml xer b*bh;r. eymn &;t a;d; d;licin \ ibedxIek t;iml &;W;Y bel airis Ei&;r kr& \ ybn. gIk &;W;Y bel yq;em airj; iji&;r krp \ EY;n. AE rkm x a;er; aenk a;ez.
   sPtm xt;Iet jr;etr Akjn r;j; t-;r pu]ek keYk h;j;r sgIr s;eq y;r me/* izl b wsn* ikW;, k;irgr icik_sk puer;iht ix=k sgItixLpI ntRk p$uY; el%k Et*;id) Akxi$ j;h;ej sudUr p;ec* p;i#eYizeln y;edr Sq;pt*ixeLpr indxRn eb;er;buduer a;j\ eb-ec a;ez.
  ih*;l;s (Hippalus) n;em Akjn gIk n;ibk di=, EeY;er;p eqek &;rtbeWRr pUbRkUel a;sb;r jn* sh;Yk emosumI b;Yu a;ib:k;r kern 46 %I;e \ t;et &;rt mh;s;gr aitm kr; a;r\ shj heY y;Y.
   1817 %I;e be @kEY;e@R pOiqbI ib%*;t j;h;j inmR;t; \Y;i@Y; m;S$;r ibL@;sedr tB;b/;en m;l;b;r $Ik ideY wtir ibi$x enoesn;b;ihnIr jn* wtir j;h;j AEc Am As i$e;m;lI a;j pOiqbIr sbeceY puer;en; &;sm;n j;h;j y; a;j\ b*bh;r kr; heCz 185 bzr /er. il&;rpul bNder AE j;h;i$ p;Y 80 bzr yu j;h;j iheseb b*bht hY; t;rpr eqek a;j pyRNt esi$ Skul kelejr z;]edr ism*;nixp \ n*;i&egxn ex%;b;r k;ej b*bh;r kr; heCz. Ai$ pOiqbIr sbeceY ebix bzr /er b*bht j;h;j y; a;j\ t;r k;j ker y;eCz esi$ &;ret wtir heYizl j;nel gbReb;/ heb sb &;rtIeYrE.
   Ab;er Ak$u epzen y;\y; y;k. xI r;/;kumud mue%;p;/*;Y t-;r A ihiS$[ af EiY;n ixip' bEet ile%ezn ey /;r; r;ej*r r;j; e&;j y-;ek a;m;edr p;cIn Eith;es a;mr; e&;j nrpit n;em j;in ekoi$el*r aqRx;eS]r met;E Aki$ bE ile%izeln y;r n;m yui kLpt. Aet r;j* x;senr jn* ibSt;irt ibbre, /nrt aS]xS] e`;; h;it al;r pt;k; r;jz] a;sb;b a;En r;js&; mN]IpirWd j;h;j Et*;id n;n; ibWeY aenk kq; a;ez. ArE Aki$ a'ex bO=a;YuebRed j;h;j wtirr jn* b*bht k;e#r j;itib&;g a;ez
l`u Yt ek;mlm k;m bӆj;it tt.
dO;g l`u Yt k;m`$m =]j;it tt..
ek;mlm Yt k;m wbx*j;it tduc*et.
dO;g Yt k;m xUdj;it tduc*et..
l=,Y eY;egn ij;it" k; s'gh"..
aqR;_ ey k;# h;Lk; \ nrm t; hl b;,j;it ey k;# h;Lk; \ x t; eh;l =i]Y j;it ey k;# &;rI \ nrm t; eh;l wbx*j;it Ab' ey k;# &;rI \ x t; eh;l xUdj;it. ey k;e# per; Aki$r ebix , a;ez t; hl ij;it.
   essmY durkm j;h;j wtir ht s;m;n* j;it y; ndIet b; h{ed b*bh;r ht Ab' ibexW j;it y; smued b*bh;r ht. s;m;n* j;itr j;h;jil izl =ud; m/*m; ℑ cpl; p$l; &Y; dI`R; p]pu$; g&Rr; \ mNqr;. Aedr me/* sbeceY ez;$ izl =ud; (wd`R* 16 h;t) \ sbecey b izl mNqr; (120 h;t. ibexW j;itr j;h;jil izl dIi`Rk; trsI el;l; gtBr g;imnI trI j`;l; Pl;ib,I /;ir,I \ ebignI. Aedr me/* sbeceY ez;$ izl dIi`Rk; (32 h;t) Ab' sbeceY b izl ebignI (176 h;t). m;Stul %ub -cu hel es j;h;jek bl; ht t.
   ey j;h;ejr ekibn s;men q;kt es j;h;jek bl; ht agmiNdr; j;h;ejr m;Z%;en q;kel t;ek bl; ht m/*miNdr; a;r sb j;Yg;Y ekibn q;k; j;h;jek bl; ht sbRmiNdr;. bO=kLpt blez
aget; miNdrm y] s; e+Y; agmiNdr;.
m/*et; miNdrm y] s; e+Y; m/*miNdr;..
sbRet; miNdrm y] s; e+Y; sbRmiNdr;.
sgOh;i]ib/; ep;; sbRm/*;gmiNdr;..
a;m;edr Eith;s bel ey ibedxIedr me/* y;r; Sqlpeq &;ret Aesizl t;r; Ak edeh lIn heY igeYizl. ikNtu smudpeq pebxk;rIr; Aedexr r;jd h;et tuel ineYizl. esEjn*E &;retr itnidekr itni$ s;gr mh;s;gr \ ps;ger a;m;edr pitpi bj;Y r;%et heb.
   Akq; a;m;edr men r;%; drk;r ey m;nueWr a;ib:kOt &Utl \ &USqelr yq;em %inj Ab' p;i,j sMpd s;r; pOiqbIet a;j
in"exiWtp;Y Ab' t; ineY A%n edex edex h;n;h;in heY egez. gt p;x bzer smuedr jel \ tledex t;r c;rx , ebix %inj \ p;i,j pd;qR a;ib:k;r heYez. &ibW*et AE smudj sMpd ineY\ a;NtjR;itk erW;eriW b; yu h\Y;r s;bn; a;ez yeq. t;E itIY mh;yuer pr E.An.\r entOetB smuedr b; jlpeqr &;g b;e$;Y;r; heY egez. a;m;edr t$er%; eqek 12 ni$k*;l m;Eel (1 ni$k*;l m;El= 2080gj) hl r;;/In jl;l b; territorial waters, 24 ni$k*;l m;El hl s'lg piri/ b; contiguous zone \ 200 ni$k*;l m;El hl SbtN] aqRwnitk ml b; Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) y;r %inj Ab' p;i,j sMpd sMpU,R a;m;edr. 20 l= bgR ikel;im$;r ibStOt AE s;muidk Al;k;i$ &;retr sbeceY b XbyR Ab' t; sbR piriSqitet ey ek;en; p;eY eh;k r=; kretE heb. AE ibWeY p;#ekr dOi a;kWR, kr;r jn*E btRm;n psegr abt;r,;.
   AE pseg sunIitkum;r ce|;p;/*;Y &;rt s'SkOit \ bOhr &;rt (edx pi]k; 20 ne&r 1943) eqek dui$ mUl*b;n Oit tuel /r; eyet p;er
1. &;rtIY s'SkOit \ dxRn ey%;enE igY;izl es%;en /B's kiret y;Y n;E igy;izl pU,Rt; a;inY; idet. ibi& edex Eh; p;,d;nk;rI bWR;b;irr mt a;isY;izl Eh;r a;gmn Aekb;erE m&Uimr lur mt aqb; /B'sk;rI m;rIr mtn izl n;.
tuln; kn Akidek a;m;edr AE abd;n \ an*idek E\er;p b; pUbR m/* \ piXcm AixY; eqek &;rtbeWR y;r; gt duh;j;r bzer
Aesizl t;edr i]Y;kl;p Sb,RgO/ut; kus'Sk;r Ab' /mR;N/ bbRrt; a;m;edr ik p[cN@ pirm;, =it kerez y; pyR;el;cn; krel a;j\
men ibe=;& sOi hY.
2. ybIp p&Oit edx &;rt hEet y;h; p;EY;izl a;tsm;n a=u r;i%Y; t;h; a;ts;_ kiret smqR hEY;ez; &;retr r;m;Y, \ mh;&;rt Ab' pcIn ybIpIY Eith;esr p;%*;n lEY; t;h;r; t;h;edr ibix kOittB z;Y;n;$k \ nOt*n;$k sOi kirY;ez; x*;m ebo/emRr p&;eb ixLpkl; ibWeY crm _kWR l;& kirY;ez. cInedexr kibt;Y \ ice] &;SkeyR \ an*ixeLp ebop&;b \tep;t&;eb ibjit Ab' j;p;enr seN/\ esEkq; bl; y;Y. a;mr; ik r;m;Y, mh;&;rtibhIn ybIp (\ b;ilIp) bucirtibhIn x*;m aimt;& abel;iketXbr \ wme]YibhIn cIn \ j;p;nek &;ibet p;ir ? Amin&;ebE &;rt AE sb edex inejr s;ek gh,ey;g* kirY; tuilY;izl.
   (a;j\ iW*;r bNder bNder pit bzr ez;$ ez;$ enoek;Y n;n;rkm s;mgI &er pdIp jB;ileY seN/*ebl;Y smued &;iseY b;ily;]; _sb p;ln kr; hY. iW*;r ey ek;en; miNderr Sq;pt* &;el;&;eb prI=; krel eb;Z; y;eb ey piti$ miNderr cU;r nIecr ey R;'x aqR;_ z;d t;r Aki$ ibexW a;k;r a;ez L$;en; j;h;ejr.
    a;jekr k;l;p;in Akk;el izl a;m;edr s'SkOit \ dxRn j;h;jey;eg pOiqbIr sudUr ek;e, ep-oez ed\Y;r Aki$ international marinine highway b; a;NtjR;itk s;muidk sri,).
      &;rtIY s;muidk ith* j;tIY jIben Ak ann*s;/;r, idk. bidn /er a;mr; ey ibXbek ibexW ibexW e=e] pq edi%eY Aesiz Ab' y;r s;=* Eith;s a;j\ bhn ker celez t; a;m;edr me/* g&Ir a;tpt*Y s;r ker. teb du"e%r ibWY AE ey AE egorbmY a/*;Y s;/;r, m;nueWr k;ez etmn&;eb en;ict hYin. aqc &;rtIY s;muidk ith* a;m;edr prm gebRr Ak _smu% Ab' a% j;tIY &;bn;r Ipk mN].
    AE ith*mY /;r;ek b-;iceY r;%;r jn* ibexW&;eb itni$ ibWeYr \pr tB a;er;p kr; eyet p;er
1. &;rtIY s;muidk jIbnek j;tIY Eith;esr agI&Ut ker edxb;sIek A ibWeY ith*b;hI ker et;l;;
2. s;muidk sMpd gebW,; \ ;rk;eyR
a;r\ ebix aqR ibineY;g Ab\ tkre,r dI`Rk;lIn pirkLpn; gh, kr;; Ab'
3. pgitxIl s;mirk \ kU$wnitk pde=epr m;/*em a;m;edr s;muidk sIm;er%;ek sMpU,R suri=t r;%;.

tq*sU] "

1. id ihiS$ af isi&l;Eejxn El A*; aireYl @ur*;N$
2. EiY; A*; id EiY;n \xn ek Am p;i,kr
3. A ihiS$ af EiY;n ixip' r;/;kumud mue%;p;/*;Y
4. id EiY;n \xn a*;l;n i&ilY;sR
5. a*;@imr;l k;$;irr SOitet a;m;edr &UtpUbR r;pit xI ek. a;r. n;r;Y,enr bOt; (18 eseP$r 1993)
6. el%ekr keYki$ irs;cR
epp;r men;g;f \ gt i]x bzer el%; pk;ixt rcn;.


" sUicp] "
smud[ mNqn 1 " &;rtIY enob;ihnIr rY*;l ebgl $;Eg;r
smud[ mNqn 2 " smud[pq " &;rtIY iteh*r rt;g;r
smud[ mNqn 3 " &;rtIY s;muidk iteh* Ak njr
smud[ mNqn 4 " ezciexr enoibed;h
smud[ mNqn 5 " j;h;j inmR;e, &;retr itih*k _kWR
smud[ mNqn 6 " edxegorb i]ibm
smud[ mNqn 7 " eno esn;r p;Yr; @;k b*bSh;
smud[ mNqn 8 " a;Nd;m;n \ inek;br &;retr s;muidk phrI
smud[ mNqn 9 " a;Nd;m;n inek;br \ l;=; Ippu

a;kR;E& sUicp]

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