smud mNhn5

smud esn


    ib%*;t enoith;isk b;Y;n h$Rn
Brian Horton sMpit t-;r Aki$ j;h;j inmR;, ibWYk el%;Y Aki$ &;rtinimRt j;h;j seN/ ile%ezn The berth she occupies today is not so very far from the pne she occupied n the reign of George the Third. It is a berth she knows well. From the time of her arrival in England in 1819, this ship, built at bombay in 1817, has weathered the reigns of seven crowned monarchs and now stands aside while new generations of ships set out to sail upon the seven unchanging seas.'

&;rtIY j;h;j inmR;, prMpr; "
   E'l*;er ep;$Rsm;q
Portsmouth Cc;r, ep;$Rsm;q bNderr pebxpeq dui$ bY;Y buoy) b-;/; Aki$ men;rm a;kOitr k;inimRt \ p;lc;ilt j;h;j ej;Y;r &-;$; \ e!eYr a;eNd;len a;ej; dulez mOdu mOdu. t;r inmR;e,r sudI`R 184 bzr per\. jr;etr \Y;i@Y; (Wadia) b'exr pOiqbI ib%*;t j;h;jinmR;t;edr pirkLpn; Sh;pt* \ tB;b/;en inimRt mu;EeYr &;rtIY eni&r en&*;l @kEY;e@R wtir AEc. Am. As. i$e;m;il (H.M.S. Trincomalee) j;h;j y;r n;m per bdel r;%; hY i$. As. fued;Y;Nt (Training Ship Foudroyant) a;j pOiqbIr sbR;ep=; pur;tn &;sm;n k;inimRt j;h;j y; A%en; b*bh;r kr; heCz n;ibkix=e,r k;ej enos'ghx;l;Y pur;indxRenr jn* nY. sdx xt;I eqek nib'x xt;I pyRNt aqR;_ p;Y itnx bzr /er surt (Suart) \ per mu;E xher \Y;i@Y; m;$;r ib;sR pOiqbIr sbRex b s'%*k k;j;h;j inmR;, ker s;r; ibeXb sm;dOt heY Aesez Ab' &;retr 5000 bzerr j;h;j inmR;,wxlI \ _kO ixLpekoxelr prMpr;ek ibeXbr drb;er supitit kr;r
as;/;r, %*;it ajRn kerez.
   a;j &;retr ebx keYki$ bNder mu;E eg;Y; ek;icn ec;E ibx;%;pnm \ ek;lk;t;Y b a;/uink j^I y;]Ib;hI \
m;lb;hI j;h;j wtir heCz y;r inmR;, _kWR \ a;/uinkt; j;p;n ek;irY; ae$ilY; EeY;er;p \ a;emirk;Y wtir sbRpk;r j;h;ejr smtul*. AE prMpr;r sU]p;t hY 5000 bzerr\ a;eg y%n di=, &;ret p;wgith;isk yuegr d;ib r;j;r; \ b*bs;YIr; smudpeq sudUr p;c* \ ptIec*r s;eq b;i,ij*k sMpkR Sh;pn kerizeln.

epor;i,k \ ith;isk nijr "
   r;m;Y, mh;&;rt r`ub'x /mR \ an*;n* sU] ebd j;tk ihet;pedx r;jtri^nI mh;b'x eb;i/sBbdn kLplt; dq /;tub'x \ a;er; aenk epor;i,k geNh essb yueg n;n;rkm k;ej b*bht \ n;n; a;k;err j;h;ejr n;emr \ inmR;,pkOitr e% p;\Y; y;Y. aiXbnIr 100 wb#;r r,ep;t &gb;n r;emr enoesn;r n;n;rkm j;h;j p;b \ r;j; e&;ejr smeY j;h;ejr ex,Iib&;g \ n;n;rkm smudg;mI j;h;ejr n;m \ b,Rn; yu j;h;j Ab' y;]I \ p,*b;hI j;h;ejr ibStOt ibbr, puer;en; 
p-uiq \ p;cIn geNh smudg;mI j;h;ejr e% Et*;id aenk j;Yg;Y p;\Y; egez.
   a;er; pcur indxRn \ pm;, a;ez esk;el &;SkeyR p;cIrg;e]r ic];en /;tu \ mOik; mud;Y sIlem;her \ &;; mOnY p;];idr $uker;Y Ab' mehe;der; hr; eb;er;budur a;e;r &;$ el;q;l
(Lothal jr;etr AE j;Yg;Y esk;elr pOiqbIr sbRbOh_ @;E @k a;ib:kOt heYez keYk dxk a;eg m/*pedexr s-;cI mh;r;er k;mehir h; \ ajNt; m;dur;EeY mIn;=I miNdr \ purIr jg;q miNderr g;eY; t;z;; %IpUbR i]x xt;I eqek %IIY ;dx xt;I pyRNt inimRt \ b*bht b enoek; r,trI \ p,* j;h;ejr pitrp b,R,; j;hj inmR;, \ emr;mitr @kEY;e@R b; kmR;^n @;E \ ef;i$' @k k;# seasoning
kr;en; aqR;_ punRk;lp; kr;en; b; p;k;en;r pit Ab' a^enr ic] \ ibbr, p;\Y; egez.           
   s-;cIr p;cIrg;e]r &;SkeyR a;j\ ed%; y;eb esk;elr k*;nu b; x;lj;tIY enok;ibexW y; l; k;e#r t; xe,r di ideY sm;Ntr;l&;eb jler;/k pitet eb-e/ wtir kr; ht susit bjr; y;r ps;irt ag&;eg q;ket; k;e# e%;d;E kr;
griffon y; Aki$ kiLpt jIbibexW mStk \ p= gelr met; Ab' edh is'htul* pXc;et q;ket; m_s*puCz b; m;ezr elejr a;k;er k;e#r sudO p;$;tn \ h;elr %-ui$ Ab' e@ekr m/*miNder b; m/*&;eg bsb;r j;Yg; b; a;r;mk= (cabin).
    aN/[ kur \ pb yuegr mud;Y Ab' k;nehir h;r p;cIrg;e] ed%; y;Y %IiY itIY xt;Ir duE m;Sl\Y;l; j;h;j y;et n;n;rkm p;let;l;r yN]p;it \ c;mc a;k;err k,R b; h;l b*bht ht. 
   %IpUbR itIY xt;I eqek p;Y 1000 bzr /er b*bht n;n; rkemr jly;enr pitilip a;ez ajNt;r p;cIrg;e]r ic];en y;et ed%; y;Y esk;elr j;h;ej suCc ag \ pXc;t&;g b-;/b;r jn* ibexW /renr %-ui$ btl p;$;tn b; e@k ep;$Reh;l b; j;h;ejr p;XbRedxSh gb;= d-; b; wb#; a;$k;en;r j;h;ejr g;]s'lg a;'$;ibexW k;inimRt ibx;l a;k;err  d-; b; wb#; j;h;ejr m/*&;eg St;Cz;idt c-;ed;Y; p;$;tenr aegpXc;et %-ui$et giqt z] Ab' j;h;ejr m;iZ \ k,R/;err a;l;d; mE b; is-i.
   j;&;Iepr eb;er;buduer \ m;dur;EeYr mIn;=I miNder p;cIrg;e]r ic];en ed%; y;Y %IIY W \ sm xt;Ir ibr;$ j;h;j y;et izl n;n;rkm p;l \ m;Sl k;e#r t;r itni$ Ster jler;/k pitet ej;; inmR;, ekoxl kmRc;rIedr kMp;$RemN$ xYnk= m_s*yN] b; cuekr kMp;s a;/uink pitet p;l %;$;en;r d Ab' p;$;tn xik;rk a;;a;i t;.
   purIr jg;q miNderr g;e] ed%; y;eb %IIY ;dx xt;Ir wb#; \ p;lc;ilt j;h;j. t;et j;h;ejr ed;ln p&;b a;$k;en;r jn* Ab' smudpI; A;b;r jn* ed;ln; ecY;r b*bh;r kr; ht. &ubenXbr wbt;l edelr Ab' iW*;r an*;n* aenk miNderr \perr a'x \L$;en; j;h;ejr
k;#;em;r a;k;rsdOx. AE aelr sb miNderr Ai$ Aki$ wbix*. kil^ rj;r;
j;h;ej smudpeq bmR; x*;medx b; q;El*; is^;pur j;&; b;il \ px;Nt mh;s;gerr a;er; b j;Yg;Y b;i,j* \ edxjeYr ai&y;n c;ileYizeln. sm;jjIben pgitr peq j;h;ejr ann*t; Ab' apirh;yRt; pU,Rrep SbIkOt sb wxiLpk ai&b*ir m/* ideY.
  
Pliny r Natural History, The periplus of the Erithraean Sea (Guide to the Arabian Sea 140 %I; \ Ptolemy r Geography %IpUbR 3Y xt;I geNh esk;elr &;rtIY j;h;ejr aenk ibbr, p;\Y; y;Y. AE j;h;j wtir ht edbd; \ p;En g;ezr k;e#. AE smY p;;eb j;trY (Xathroi) eg;Ij;t k;irgr t-;edr j;h;j inmR;,wxlIr jn* ib%*;t izeln. \ hWRb/Renr yueg ctuqR eqek sm xt;Iet &;rtIY j;h;j a;eg j;&; k;MpuicY; q;El*; cIn \
j;p;en Ab' piXcem p;rs* pyRNt y;t;Y;t krt. cIn; pyR$k E_is'
(I-Tsing)
 
t-;r idnilipet sm eqek Ak;dx xt;I pyRNt b*bht &;rtIY j;h;ejr kq; ile% egezn. 

   ]eY;dx xt;Iet m;ekR; ep;el; (Marco Polo) ile% egezn ey &;rtIY pitet j;h;ejr jliner;e/ b*bht ht ez-; dir $uker; \ jub;r jn* b*bht ht cun x, \ etlemx;en; ipecr eceY\ xix;lI g-d. pdx xt;Iet Et;ilr inek;el; kiN$ (Nicolo Conti) ile%ezn ey &;rtIY j;h;ej watertight compartments b; jliner;/k k= b*bh;r ht j;h;j@uib eqek b-;cb;r jn* Ab' esEsb j;h;ej itnx jn pyRNt n;ibk q;kt.
   em;gl a;mel j;h;j wtir ht l;eh;er Al;h;b;ed t;;Y btRm;en p;ikSt;enr isN/upedex xInger \ b;'l;edexr !;k;Y ey%;en p;Y itn h;j;r j;h;j sbsmY enoyuer jn* pSt q;kt. AE smeYE Et;lI eqek s;muidk k;m;n Aen &;rtIY j;h;ej l;g;en; hY.
   ixb;jIr a;mel ibjYngr ek;l;b; isN/ubgR rtigir ane&l; sub,RbgR \ muEeY b j;h;j wtir heYez. keYki$ jh;ej cixi$ ez;$ k;m;n kMp;s e$ileSk;p Et*;id l;g;en;  ht.
   AEsmeYE hY p;xIR m;$;r ib;rsedr yug. Aedr n;m ibeXb zieY pe sdx xt;Iet ibi$x yuegr eqek. per
A-r;E 1829 s;el wtir kern m;l;b;r $IkinimRt pqm b;;:pcilt &;rtIY j;h;j ih iles Ab' 1840 s;el pqm elohinimRt b;:pc;ilt &;rtIY j;h;j p*;en$. 1841 s;el a;redisr \Y;i@Y;ek \Y;i@Y; b'exr j;h;j inmR;, wxlIr _kWRt;r jn*
&UiWt kr; hY efel; af id rY*;l es;s;Ei$ p;i/ ;r;. EinE pqm &;rtIY y-;ek AE p;i/ ed\Y; hY.                
   a;dx \ nib'x xt;Iet E$ EiY; ek;Mp;nI b^edexr n;n; j;Yg;Y isel$ c|g;m !;k; ek;lk;t; \ a;r\ keYki$
ndI \ smudbNder j;h;j inmR;, @k Sh;pn kern y;et b;mR; $Ik Ab' ibh;err x;l \ ixg;ezr k;# b*bht ht.
   &;rt pmh;edexr smuds'lg ael ibi$x p&;b Sh;ipt hY sdx xt;Ir etE. 1612 s;elr 5 eseP$r E$ EiY; ek;Mp;nIr tB;b/;en rY*;l eni&r c;ri$ j;h;j @*;gn aisY;;r ejms \ sel;mn k*;eP$n $m;s ebe$r entOetB surt bNder en;r efel \ t;r s;eq hY &;rtIY smud;el ibe$enr s;e itn xt;Ib*;pI a;i/pt*. A%;en enoesn; `-;i$ Sh;pn ker 1626 s;el a;r hY j;h;j wtir \ emr;metr k;j. p;Y Ak xt;I /er A%;en ibi$x em;gl r;Yger isi b;dx;edr Ab'
an*;n* keYki$ edexr j;h;j inmR;, \ emr;metr k;j cel. a;r esE smeYE p;xIR j;h;j inmR;t;r; A%;en k;j kern y; p;Y duxt;I /er s;r; pOiqbIr dOi a;kWR, ker Ab' sOi hY Aki$ aut _keWRr prMpr; y;r ag;i/k;rI izeln \Y;i@Y; b'exr %urexdij el;ij  m;e,kij eb;m;nij f*;mij j;mesdij n\er;ij k;res$ij j;h;^Ir j;mesdij ez;$ \ a;redisr.
A-edr wtir pqm j;h;j muE srk;err jn* 1672 s;el &;s;en; heYizl. 
   m;l;b;r dsu*edr at*;c;r bNder s;muidk Z e! ej;Y;r &-;$;r \#;n;m; Et*;id eqek sur=;r a&;b bOh_ @kEY;@R wtir kr;r met; j;Yg; n; p;\Y; Ab' bNderr sbrkm j;h;j wtirr jn* k;r%;n; inmR;,sh;Yg j;Yg; \ suib/; n; q;k; Et*;id n;n;k;re, surt eqek muEeY 1735 s;el j;h;j inmR;, \ emr;metr k;j Sh;n;Ntirt kr; hY.
   t;rpr E$ EiY; ek;Mp;inr jn* 1736 s;el 14i$ k;m;n l;g;en; e@k Skun;r dӳtg;mI j;h;j eqek ker 1932 s;el inimRt a*;kuE@; n;em smudg;mI \Y;$;r eb;$ pyRNt em;$ 434i$ j;h;j wtir hY muEet. Aet izl 68 rkemr j;h;j y; wtir heYizl rY*;l eni& rY*;l a;imR E$ EiY; ek;Mp;in eb^l p;El$ s;i&Rs b y;]Ib;hI \ p,*b;hI j;h;j ek;Mp;in m;Sk;e$r Em;m h;Yd;b;edr inj;m ip a*; ek;Mp;in be emirn rY*;l EiY;n eni& ibi$x EiY; $Im n*;i&egxn ek;Mp;in Ab' a;r\ keYki$ ibedxI enoesn;r jn*\.

m;l;b;r $Ik "

   a;r AE smeYE a;ib:kOt hY j;h;j wtirr k;ej m;l;b;r $Ik k;e#r extB. 1775 s;el Aki$ ibilit k;gej Ak irep;e$R Ak d= j;h;jinmR;t; ele%n
'Ships built at Bombay are not only as strong but as handsome, and are as well finished as ships built at any part of Europe; the timber of plank of which they are built, so far exceeds any in Europe for durability, that it is usual for ships to last fifty years or sixty years.......... this timber and are peculiar to India only; what grows to the South, on the coast of Malabar, is, how-ever, very good and great qualities are brought to Bombay; it is called teak, and will last in a hot climate longer than any other wood whatever.'  esE smY pyRNt b*bht \k k;# y;r \pr hearts of oak Et*;id b g;n el%; heyizl ey m;l;b;r $Iekr ek;n&;ebE smk= nY t; ejen smSt pOiqbI Stit heY igeYizl. m;l;b;r $Ik \k eqek d;em aenk km izl y;et t%nk;r iden mu;EeYr wtir j;h;j ibilit j;h;j eqek 20000 p; km%rec wtir ht 20/25 bzerr j;Yg;Y Ak xt;I clet; Ab' aenk ebix ep; ht. a;r Aki$ irepR;e$ Ak E'erj emen enn 'It is universally admitted that a Bombay- built Malabar teak ship is at least 50 per cent superior to oak vessels built in England.' fuedY;Nt j;h;ji$ AE kq;r spe= Aki$ jIbNt dO;Nt. l@R \eYelsil\ t-;r irepR;e$ AE kq;i$ emen enn. rtnij a;redisr \Y;i@Y; t-;r geNh (The Bombay Dockyard and the Wadia Master Builders) ile%ezn ey m;l;b;r $Ik l*;i$n n;m tectona grandis j;h;j inmR;e,r k;ej pOiqbIr sbRex k;#.
   AixY;i$k j;nR;el
(Asiatic Journal) 1839 s;el Aki$ el%;Y bl; hY 'As a proof of extreme durability of teak and its adaption to the purposes of ship building, a piece of teakwood was forwarded to the London Chamber of  Commerce. After more than 20 years' submersion, the specimen was perfectly sound. It had been taken from a boat sunk in 1818. It is new to all appearances, sound and has neither suffered in nail or timber by her long submersion.'
    
1799 s;el Af b*;lq;j;r &;retr j;h;j inmR;,wxlI ibWeY el iheNdo (Les Hindous) n;mk puStek ele%n 'In ancient times, the Indians excelled in the art of constructting vessels, and the present Indians can in this respect still offer models to Europe- so much so that the English, attentive to everything that relates to naval architecture have borrowed from the Indians many improvements which they have adapted with success in their own shipping..... the Indian vessels combine elgence and utility and are models of patience and fine workmanship.' ibe$enr b;Eer Akm;] \Y;i@Y;r;E rY*;l eni&r j n* Aki$ dui$ nY n i$ ibr;$ ibr;$ yuj;h;j wtir kerizeln.

i$e;m;ilr jNm "

   rY*;l eni&r jn* inimRt Ab' AEc. Am. As. i$e;m;il yuj;h;ejr kIl (keel til aqR;_ j;h;ejr inMn;'x y; smSt
/-;c;i$ek /er r;e% Sh;pn hY muE @kEY;e@R 1816 s;elr 25ex Aipl. j;mesdij eb;m;nij \Y;i@Y;r tB;b/;en inmR;, k;yR hY s;elr 29ex em tilet Aki$ erop*xl;k; #uek Ab' ihNdu Esl;m p;xIR \ %I;n p;qRn; a;bOi ker. 1817 s;el 12 ae;br ej;Y;err  Cctm sIm;Y j;h;ji$ek smudjel &;s;en; hY rY*;l eni&r Aki$ ibexW a^ iheseb. esidn j;h;ji$ek ful l;EfbY l; rin k;p c\; irbn rin pt;k; Et*;id ideY susit kr; heyizl. s;r; muE xhrek pt;k; a;el; et;r, Et*;id ideY rin s;ej s;ijeY imil$;ir b*; b;ijeY enowsink kuck;\Y;j Ab' bNderr sb j;h;ej a;el; jB;ileY \ s;Eern b;ijeY i$e;m;ilr jnek ai&b;dn j;n;en; hl. esEse^ p;ilt hl n;n;rkm _sb\.
   j;h;ji$ wtir kret %rc hY 23788 p;. e@ek Sh;pn kr; heYizl n;n;rkm m;epr 46i$ k;m;n. j;h;ji$ izl wde`R 151 fu$ 4 Ei peSh 50 fu$ 6 Ei jelr tl;Y e@;b; a'x 18 fu$ 6 Ei Ab' \jen 1447 $n. a;er; izl 18320 bgRfu$ pirm;ep 14 rkemr p;l. j;h;ej izl 23 jn aifs;r Ab' 217 jn n;ibk em;$ 240 jn.


Aelm ntun edex "

    1819 s;el muE bNdr eqek r\n; heY xIl;r i$e;m;il bNder ikzuidn k;i$eY j;h;ji$ E'l*;er ep;$Rsm;q bNder igeY ep-oz;Y 30ex Aipl. ArE se^ hY j;h;ji$r pOiqbIb*;pI n;n; yue a'xgh,. 1845 s;el keYki$ b k;m;n Sh;pn ker j;h;ji$ k*;eP$n irc;@R \Y;ernAr entOetB r a;emirk; \ \eY$ Eiej y;Y. b;rmu@; ikb; ehEit EeY;er;p px;Nt mh;s;gr iimY; yu
(Crimean War), ibi$x kliY; Et*;id s;r; pOiqbIet b l= m;El m, ker \ aenk yue a'xgh, ker j;h;ji$ apr;ijt eqek y;Y. Aki$ p;let;l; j;h;ejr pe= y; p;Y asb Ar e=e] pitidn ge 116 ni$k*;l m;El aqR;_ p;Y 230 m;El cl;r =mt; izl p;Y a&UtpUbR.
   j;h;ji$r aut yuer ekoxl Ab' j;h;ejr n;ibkedr adm* s;hs ede% ibi$x kliY;r g*;ilY;en; Iepr
(Galiano Island) di=e,r p,;lI b; c*;enli$r n;m r;%; hY i$e;m;il c*;enl Ab' j;h;ejr k*;eP$enr n;em Aki$ p,;lIr n;m r;%; hY h;s$;n p*;esj (Housetoun Passage). 1860 s;el s;;rl*;e ineY y;\Y; hel j;h;ji$ek E'l*;er k;r=;p;cIr n;em ai&iht kr; hY. t;rpr esi$ek p;Y 36 bzr /er ej*;itibRd*; j;h;j c;l;en; k;m;n ez-;; smudyue a'xgh, Et*;id n;n; ibWeY ix=e,r k;ej b*bh;r kr; hY.

j;h;ejr n;m;Ntr "

   dI`R a;ix bzr /er yu pix=, ibedex pr;mdxRn Et*;id k;ej a'xgh, ker x]r aenk j;h;j /B's ker @uibeY b; ai/kOt ker aenk eg;l;r `; e%eY aenk Z tuf;n $;Efun $e,Re@; h;irekn bOi Et*;id p;kOitk pitkult;r ibe s;fel*r se^ em;k;ibl; ker 19ex em 1897 t;ire% AEc. Am. As. i$e;m;il yuj;h;ejr &Uimk; exW hY. Ab' ArE s;eq l@R enlsenr pt;k; j;h;j b; Flag Ship AEc. Am. As. fued;Y;Nt Ze @ueb y;\Y;Y i$e;m;ilr AE n;emE nbjn hY. t%n j;h;ji$r &Uimk; bdel hY e$in' b; pix=, j;h;j. keYk bzr flm;q Ab' imlef;@R ehe&n bNder q;k;r pr j;h;ji$ek 1932 s;el ineY y;\Y; hY ep;$Rsm;q bNder ey%;en pU,Reyobn; bRxIr met; t;r em%l;rpI p;l h;\Y;Y duileY tre^r t;el t;el ej;Y;r&-;$;r se^ e# enem j;h;ji$ a;j\ &;sm;n. 

j;itr cir]g#en fued;Y;Nt "

   btRm;en pit gIe: m;cR eqek ae;br m;s pyRNt E'l*;er Skul \ kelj z;]z;]Ir; AE j;h;ej Aes keYkm;s /er n;n;n ibWeY ix=;l;& ker b;/*t; inYm;nubitRt; Sb;eSh;Yn enok;c;ln; p;elr \ wb#;r b*bh;r sNtr, enok;r b;Ec pitey;igt; b;
regatta j;h;ej p;elr b*bh;r r;Eefl c;l;en; ix=; s \ em;$; rixr \ t;err n;n;rkm b*bh;r n;n;n kMp;s k;ej l;g;en; enoc;ln; sN/IY tBgt ibd*; peY;jnIY a;bh;\y; \ es;t;id s';Nt ib+;n smued enoc;lenr c;$R b; m*;epr pey;g enoc;len ej*;itibRd*;r b*bh;r s;muidk ibic]t; &Ueg;l Et*;id. E'l*;er ix=; \ ib+;n mN];leYr tB;b/;en pit bzr AE pix=, epeY \%;nk;r z;]z;]Ir; n;girkt; ix=;jRenr peq agsr heCz pit bzr. j;h;jr k*;iben h*;mek di ideY wtir ed;ln;sdOx eZ;l;en; j;il ey iden r;e] ibpdsul k;ej ktRb*s;/n ker n;n; ib+;n \ an*;n* x;eS] ix=; epeY n;ibkedr g;n egeY Ar; a;neNdr se^ d;iYtBpU,R jIbn y;pn krb;r ekoxl a;Y ker an;Y;es. 
   j;h;ejr ai/n;Yk b; km*;i' aifs;r k*;eP$n ehim'Ar k*;ibenr pxSt ed\Y;el Zulez Aki$ es;n;lI ef{em b-;/;en; pitkOit fued;Y;eNtr &;rtIY i@j;En;r Shpit \ inmR;t; Ab' &;retr pqm
FRS j;mesdij eb;m;nij \Y;i@Y;r. ebx keYki$ pjenr k; b; elohinimRt wb#; p;l b; b;:pc;ilt b j;h;ejr jn \ mOtu*r s;=I fued;Y;Nt t;r jnekr pitkOit %ubE gebRr se^ a;j\ hdeY bhn krez. ibe$enr Society for Natural Research men kern ey j;h;ji$r m;l;b;r $Ik k;# A%en; ...... as good as it was when she was first launched' Ab' j;h;ji$ 'good for many hundreds of years to come.'
    
p;Y ixt;I ith*/;rI fued;Y;Nt j;h;j pOiqbIr am a;XcyR nY amr nY ikNtu ytidn j;h;ji$ inYitr esE aem;` pir,it piter;/ ker Ab' k;ljYI smudphrI \ pix=e,r aitIY ekNdShl ihs;eb egorbmY &Uimk; p;ln ker ep;$sRm;eqr idkcb;elr Aki$ pt*^ heY q;keb ttidn Ab' t_per\ an;gtk;l t; the land that was Inde' Ar aqR;_ &;rtbeWRr b shs; p;cIn jgi%*;t j;h;j inmR;,wxlIr _kWRt;r ptIk heY pit &;rtIeYr hdY gebR &ireY r;%eb.

gNhsU] "

1 EiY; a*; id EiY;n \xn ek Am p;inKr
2 A ihi$ af EiY;n ixip' r;/;kumud mue%;p;/*;Y
3 be @kEY;@R a*; id \Y;i@Y; m;$;r ib;sR rtnij a;redis \Y;i@Y;
4 id \Y;;r d*;$ \Y;j EiY; A Al b*;x;m
5 A ihi$ af id EiY;n eni& elfe$n*;N$ is a;r el;
6 ihe$;irk*;l b*;kg; af id EiY;n eni& km;;r ij \Y;k;r
7 AEc Am As i$e;m;il b;Y;n h$Rn
8 el%ekr a;r $u Amigns irs;cR epp;r men;g;f \ gt i]x bzerr pk;ixt rcn;smuh.


" sUicp] "
smud[ mNqn 1 " &;rtIY enob;ihnIr rY*;l ebgl $;Eg;r
smud[ mNqn 2 " smud[pq " &;rtIY iteh*r rt;g;r
smud[ mNqn 3 " &;rtIY s;muidk iteh* Ak njr
smud[ mNqn 4 " ezciexr enoibed;h
smud[ mNqn 5 " j;h;j inmR;e, &;retr itih*k _kWR
smud[ mNqn 6 " edxegorb i]ibm
smud[ mNqn 7 " eno esn;r p;Yr; @;k b*bSh;
smud[ mNqn 8 " a;Nd;m;n \ inek;br &;retr s;muidk phrI
smud[ mNqn 9 " a;Nd;m;n inek;br \ l;=; Ippu

a;kR;E& sUicp]

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