itIY ibXbyue j;p;n y%n ib/BSt ibpyRY Ar r;jnIit aqRnIit b*bs;b;i,j* ix=;sh piti$ e=] y%n r; jue iher;ixm;n;g;s;ikr &Y;bh r; =t =u/; ibe=;& ebk;rtB d;ird a;r r;jwnitk aiShrt; t%n x;iNt a;r a;itk epr,;r mUtRptIk heY pr;ijt &ghdY j;p;inedr s;men Aes piSht heYizeln rbINdn;q #;kur. t-;r as'%* & y-;r; prm x;r s;eq t-;ek ixesE t;eg;r b; mh;kib e$eg;r b; et_sug;kux; t;eg;r b; d;xRink e$eg;r bel se;/n ker q;ekn. a;pn jn&Uimr b;Eer ey edxi$ek itin sbeceY ebix &;lebesizeln esE j;p;enr yue;r t_k;lIn ikzus'%*k ag[,I buijIbI ix=;ibd Ab' s;ihit*k edexr ibpyRSt ix=;b*bSh;ek x;iNt \ smOir le=* p;c*;dexRr i&iet pungR#enr jn* icNt;&;bn; kerizeln. t-;r; j;netn ey ey ek;en; ibpyReYr pr esE edx b; j;itr e# d-;;en;r pqm xtR heCz sus'ht ix=;b*bSh;. mUlt" Aed; yuegr 16001868 g;mI, s&*t;ek ixeLp;t s&*t;Y It kerizl emEij s';err yueg 18681912 Akm;] p;Xc;et*r anusOt ix=;pit. Ab' anukr,IY ix=;b*bSh;Y em/; \ xi ajRenr m/* ideY j;p;n AksmY s;m;j*b;dI r;e e# a;set s=m heYizl. s;mirk xiet blIY;n j;p;n t;r l=* iShr kerizl yue. yu ker AixY; eqek eXbt;^ d%ld;rb;ihnIek _%;t kr;. Ar jn* peY;jn izl j;tIYt;b;dI ectn;r ;n Ab' t_psUt k*. r;er ai/k;'x p&;bx;lI b*bs;YI buijIbI ix=;ibd kib s;ihit*k s'OitjIbI /mIRY ent; g j;tIYt;b;ed u heY e#izeln. t-;r; p&;ibt kerizeln p/;n s;mirk kmRktR;edrek. t-;edr s;eq h;t eml;Y ;/Int; ajRenr le=* muik;mI AixY;r ktk r;er j;tIYt;b;dI ent;r;. eymn cIn b;mR; ifilipNs EeNd;enixY; EeNd;ixn; &;rt. AE skl edxel;ek j;p;enr Z;;tel k*b  kr;r jn* pc;rpe] etnixn \k;kur;r icNt;psUt AixY; Ak AixY; Ej \Y;n mt;dxR Ab' rbINdn;eqr kibt;ek pyRNt A-r; b*bh;r kr;r pY;s ineYizeln. AixY;r AE skl edexr ent;edr ag,I &Uimk;Y u l;Emu%r jnge,r shey;igt;Y j;p;n smg AixY; krtlgt kret s=m hY. t;rpr atikRet m;ikRn yur;ek a;m, kr;r m/* ideY px;Ntmh;s;grIY b; mh;AixY;yuer sUcn; ker. esE yuer pirsm;i `e$ 1945 s;elr ag;$ m;es mmR;iNtk pr;jeYr m/* ideY. d;xRink rbINdn;q j;p;inedrek AE gt;r jn* crm mUl* idet het p;er bel s;b/;nb;,I epr, kerizeln. t-;r &ibW*_b;,IE set* pir,t heYizl buijIbIr; t-;edr &ul buZet eper cupes igeYizeln.
   ikNtu t-;edr buekr i&ter &gp;Y j;tIYt;b;d Aekb;er ineStj heY y;Yin. punr;Y e#
d-;;en;r le=* t-;r; p;c*;dxRekE ag;i/k;r ideYizeln. t;r jn* ey abln t-;r; %-uej epeYizeln esi$ &;retr a;dxR. aqR;_ rbINdn;eqr p;c*edxIY ix=;&;bn;. ek;q;\ ek;q;\ esE p;#emr k;j heYizl kitpY rbINd& ix=;ibedr ed*;eg. a;r Ak cU;Nt pir,t p
l;& kerizl j;p;en a;eY;ijt rbINd jnjYNtIr m/* ideY.
   j;p;en 1958 s;elE rbINd jnxtbeWRr ed*;g gh, kr; hY &;retr t_k;lIn p/;n mN]I j\hr l;l enehr anuer;e/. AE ple=* rbINd Sr, simit e$eg;r emem;irY;l Aes;iseYxn
gi#t hY rbINdn;eqr exW jIbenr bN/u kuinihek; \\kur;r pUep;Wkt;Y. itin izeln j;tIYt;b;dI icNt;xIl Ak b*itB Ab' \\kur; k;gj ibY pit;enr \\kur; eY;ix etn p;" ek;" m;ilk. 1929 s;el rbINdn;q a;emirk; eqek edex pt*;btRenr m/*peq t-;r ibx;l b;iet p;Y itn s;hk;l abSh;n kerizeln. t%n kuinihek;r s;eq rbINdn;eqr `int; ge \e#. kuinihek; rbINdn;eqr icNt;dxRn ;r; ibexW&;eb p&;ibt hn. fel a;jIbn itin kib r & izeln.
itin e$eg;r emem;irY;l Aes;iseYxenr ecY;rm*;n pd al'kOt kern. AE simitr i&ter a;b;r
rbINd gebW,; s'Sh;\ Sh;pn kr; heYizl. simitr k;yR;lY ibi& Sh;en abSh;enr pm;, p;\Y;
y;Y dillp] eqek. teb mUl dr izl kuinihek;r p/;n k;yR;lY eh;eY;ek;h;m; ngrIr \kur;EY;m; xherr Ak p;h;e abiSht gIk ehelink a;kOitr p;s;ed;pm b;ir a&*Nter.
   A pyRNt p; tq* eqek j;n; y;Y e$;ikeY;Sh t;m;g;\Y; g;kueYn 1929 s;el pitit btRm;en t;m;g;\Y; ibXbibd*;lY ibd*;leY x;iNtinektenr a;del ixix=; sUcn; heY
.izl. pit;enr pit;t; p%*;t ix=;ibd @. kuineY;ix \b;r; 18871977 yue;r t-;r pit;enr bnr;ije`r; p;^e, ixedr jn* ix=;mUlk k;yRm c;lu kerizeln. itin eyoben g&Ir&;eb rbINdn;q ktORk p&;ibt heyizeln.. t-;r Ak rcn;Y belizeln "

        eter;ek;EY; y; &;retr a;ximk ix=; pit;enr met; Ar Akjn ix=ekr epo] iheseb jngh, kr;r 
       m/* ideY ix=;ibd h\Y;E izl a;m;r jn* &;g*in/R;irt. Ar jn* a;im gibRt. yq;qR&;eb blel blet hY
       AE /renr eter;ek;EY; ix=; izl sUitk;g;r ey%;en j;p;enr a;/uink s&*t;r ibk;x `e$ez. A$; izl btRm;n
       pitgt k;irgir ik'b; mnSt;iBk ix=;r eceY i&.
         a;m;r inrI=;mUlk t;m;g;\Y; ibd*;leY ey ix=;b*bSh; t;r i&i heCz g&Ir p;c*edxIY a/*;ticNt; yid\
       p;Xc;et*r m s'Oit\ a;mr; gh, keriz. a;m;edr mUlmN] heCz " ejnijn pirpU,R m;nuW y; rbINdn;q
       t-;r a;dRixk ibd*;lY ps^et e% kerezn. AE k;re,E a;im t-;r s;eq Ak;tt; anu&b kir.
         buer jn&Uim iheseb &;rtbWR a;m;r men bidenr Ak p ikNtu pirt;epr A%en; es%;n pd;pR, kret
       p;irin. a;m;r s;/ Akidn a;im &;rt tIeqR y;]; ker buer pUtpib] e%;idt b;,I Ab' ibexW ker x;iNtinektn
       ed%b. a;im iniXct ey es%;en igeY eyoben pi#t rbINdn;eqr
Realisation of life Ar z;p a;m;r aNter ep;iqt
       reYez t;ek s';r ker inet p;rb y; t;m;g;\Y; ibd*;lYek puikr kr;r jn* ibexW sh;Yk heb.

   @. \b;r; 1961 s;el j;p;en anuit rbINdjYNtIr an*tm p/;n ed*;; izeln. sbt" t-;r jIibt abSh;etE rbINdp&;ibt ix=;d;n bN/ heY y;Y. AE sMpekR sMpU,R tq* A%en; hStgt hYin anusN/;n clez. 
   rbINdn;eqr ix=;&;bn; t;m;g;\Y; ibXbibd*;leYr a/Ien p;qimk ibd*;leY sIm;b q;ekin. AE ibXbibd*;leY Ab' n;g;s;ik ibXbibd*;leY\ pclenr pY;s l=* kr; y;Y. t;m;g;\Y; ibXbibd*;leY pqem rbINdn;eqr E'erij pbN/ p;#* iheseb p;en;r sUcn; kern AE ibXbd*;leYrE n;m/n* ix=k yue;r j;p;enr ibix rbINdanur;gI a/*;pk ikej; En;ju. m;isk s;icY; st* bueli$en ili%t t-;r Ak &;W* eqek j;n; y;Y 1961 s;el rbINdjnxtbWR p;lenr a;r\ ebx keYk bzr a;eg eqek itin p;c* dxRn ib&;egr ex,Ike= rbINdn;q p;et kern. p;#*m yq;em
My school Ab' Eastern University mUl gNh eqek $;Epr;E$;err m;/*em $;Ep ker ineY p;#*puStk wtir ker enn.
   yuprbtIR j;p;in sm;ej t, pjenr m;nes p;c*&;bn;r Ak$; l=, ed%; edY;Y itin &;ebn p;c* dxRenr ai/k;'x jue a;ez ebo/mR. ebodxRn eqek +;n a;hr, kr;$; Aedr pe= ki#n heb ib/;Y rbINdicNt;ek inbR;cn kern. eknn; rbINdn;qek %ub shej anu/;bn kr; y;eb. rbINdn;qE p;rebn t,edr m;nes p;c* a;/*;itkt;r j;gr, tulet. t-;r /;r,; xI` set* pir,t hY. aenk z;]z;]I rbINdn;qek pe Ab' ejen t-;edr mt;mt b* kret q;ekn. A-edr me/* ek ek rbINdn;eqr ibWYbStuek S;tk prI=;r ai&sNd&R iheseb gh, kerezn. aenekE pefsr En;jur k;ez Aes rbINdp&;eb t-;edr jIbndxRen ntun pirbtRenr kq; belezn. &ibW*et ntun a;el;r idk inedRxn; %-uej epeYezn Amn ix=;qIRs'%*; em;e$E km izl n;. bnbn;nIr sbujx*;milm;Y pirpu t;m;g;\Y; g;kueYn ix=;pit;ni$ W;$serr dxek &;ret j;p;enr x;iNtinektn iheseb pirict l;& kerizl. klk;t; b; x;iNtinektn eqek ey skl ix=k buijIbI j;p;n sfr kerezn t-;r sun;m kerezn x;iNtinektenr !e pkOitr s;eq jiey q;k; A%;nk;r z;]ix=ksMpekRr. A-edr m;/*emE x;iNtinektenr s;eq t;m;g;\Y; g;kueYenr ey;gsU] Sh;ipt heYizl. ey k;re, Lpk;lIn smeYr jn* hel\ AE ix=; pit;enr z;] \ ix=kbOeNdr me/* rbINdn;eqr ix=;d;n ibWYk icNt;&;bn; ibexW a;gehr sOi ker.
   an*idek AE ibXbibd*;leYr mUl i&i ix=; s';Nt ib/;Y t, z;] Ab' &ibW*et ix=k h\Y;r pt*;xIr;E ai/k. t-;edr l&* ix=; eyn pirpU,R Ab' Ccm;nsMp hY esE idki$ ibebcn; ker pefsr En;ju p;#*puStk wtir kerezn m;E ul Ab' E$;,R Ein&;isRi$ek ag;i/k;r ideY. AE pse^ itin belezn "

       rbINdrcn;ek ix=;d;enr ex* /um;] AE ix=; pit;enr ibexW myR;d;r pirpUrk iheseb nY  rbINdn;eqr
      ntun Aki$ idkek pitit kr;r ex*\ k;j kerez. atItk;l eqek j;p;en rbINdn;q blet kib ik'b; /*;nI
      d;xRink j;tIY ey sIimt pitCzib t-;r sMpekR m;nueWr men ibd*m;n izl es$;ek a;r\ ibStOt kr;r ed*;g gh,
      keriz. t-;r sO k;b* dxRn jIbenr m/*;&;egr ix=; ibWYk kmRk;er i&tr eqek jn ineYez. t-;r AE pdO
      b;Stbb;idt; ntun &;retr jnd;enr mUl c;ilk;xi iheseb k;j kerez. ey k;re, &;rtIYr; t-;ek a;j\ edb
      bel se;/n ker q;ekn. AE rbINdn;qek j;n; &;rtbWRek j;n;r m/* ideY j;p;n&;retr ntun ey;gsU]ek pitit
      kr;r apirh;yR k;ji$ izl a;m;r icNt;r ibWY. A$; at*Nt a;neNdr ibWY ey t, pjenr aNterr ai&p;eY
      a;m;r AE icNt; imel igeY flpsU heYez. skel t;edr ntun a&I l=* ajRn kerezn ede% &;el; elegez.

    rbINd;nus;rI ikej; En;jur met; a;erk rbINd;nur;gIr kq; j;n; y;Y iyin n;g;s;iket  rbINdix=;d;en inyu izeln. itin ikeY;ix EY;m;ic n;g;s;ik ibXbibd*;leYr pefsr Ab' Et;il s;ihet*r gebWk. itIY ibXbyuer pr rbINdn;eqr ibi& bOt;s'kilt gNh p;# ker t-;r n;emr s;eq pqm pirict hn. t;rpr 195455 s;el Et;ilr r;j/;nI er;m m,k;el e$i& xherr puren; gNhibt;en Aki$ gIt;il a;ib:k;r kern. b;r'b;r t; p;# ker AtE ai&&ut hn ey gNhi$ek a;k;exr l= l= t;rk;r;ijr me/* Aki$ ibSYkr Bl t;r; bel e% kern. /u t;E nY gIt;ilek ibXbib%*;t er;emr e$i&f;eN$n e$i&r Z,R;Ar s;eq tuln; kr;r a;/*;itk anuepr,; l;& kern. eknn; AE Z,R; pitidn t;r afurNt esoNdyR Ab' xi ideY Sh;nIY ai/b;sI Ab' agi,t pyR$kedr men Ak;/;er a;nNd a;r ;mt; yuigeY a;sez. rbINdn;eqr gIt;il\ anup ic] ineY t-;r e&ter en;ict heYizl. esE anuepr,;Y t-;r dI`Ridenr p izl t, sm;ejr dOi rbINdn;eqr idek inb kr;en;. esE t;igd eqek c;lu kerizeln t-;r ex,Ike= rbINdn;eqr E'erij pbeN/r isirj eqek ebez ineY My Life Ab' My School. AE dui$ pbN/ $;EpipN$;er mud, ker p;#*puStk wtir kerizeln.
   rbINdibWY p;#d;n sMpekR t-;r ai&+t; eqek belezn "

      a;im ntun bzerr 1959 p;#*sUicet a;m;r ex,I ke= E'erij &;W;r p;#* iheseb rbINd[n;eqr E'erij isirejr
     pqm &;g eqek a;m;r jIbn \ a;m;r ibd*;lY p;en;r is;Nt gh, keriz. gt bzer\ AkE ibWY p;#*sUicet
     aNt&Ru izl. ex,Ike= y%n pqm rbINdn;eqr rcn; p;# kir t%n t-;r n;emr s;eq pirict ix=;qIRr s'%*; izl
     int;NtE km. al@;s h*;il b;$R; r;esl pmue%r pbN/ p;# kr;r pr rbINdn;q sMpekR z;]edrek bil AE skl
     el%kedr eceY rbINdn;eqr n;m et;m;edr k;ez dUerr ek bel men het p;er. ikNtu a;m;r jIbn y%n p;# ker
     ex;nl;m t%n z;]r; rbINdn;qE ey a;m;edr k;ezr el;k eY;er;pIY el%kedr ecey Ab' m ep  a;m;edr men
     a;ebdn sOi kret p;ern A$; t;r; buZet p;rl. a;im ex,Ike=r e&ter z;]z;]Ir; y;et inejr; bOt; Ab'
     a;el;cn;r m;/*em rbINdn;qek j;net ec; t;r jn* ez;$ ez;$ del ib& het bil. Aedr me/* Aki$ z;]  pbl
     a;gh ineY a;m;r k;z eqek rbINdn;eqr ibi& rcn;gNh ineY p;# kr;r pr rbINdn;q #;kur n;em Ak kibr
    piricit
n;mk Aki$ pbN/ ile% z;]edr inYimt ix=;qIR s;miYkIet pk;x ker.
       rbINdn;q sMpekR sbeceY ebix a;gehr sOi hY icik_s; ib+;n ib&;egr z;]edr me/* t;rper aqRnIit ib&;egr.
     abx* ibi& ib&;egr z;]edr me/* em/;r t;rtm* eqek q;keb. y;eh;k rbINdn;eqr a;m;r ibd*;lY rcn;r me/*
     x;iNtinektenr ix=; ibWYk a;dxRek tuel /erizeln t;z;; AE rcn;r me/* rseb;/ eymn izl etmin izl men;rk
     p;#*ibWY. AE ix=;mUlk rcn;r p;x;p;ix gIt;il eqek\ kibt; p;# \ b*;%*; ker p;en;r kq; belezn pefsr
     EY;m;ic. t-;r /;r,;Y kibt;el; ytE ez;$ eh;k n; ekn pet*ki$ kibt;E sMp. Ael; kibr a;/*;itk
     AkAki$ Sfi$kpStr Ab' gebW,;r e=e] mOl*b;n.

rbINdn;eqr E'erij rcn; sMpekR itin belezn "

      rbINdn;eqr E'erij &;W;r ext; heCz Ar ;/Inshj b*bh;irk pNh;. itin E'erij b*;kre,r ibi/ib/;n &;el;
     kerE j;netn ikNtu inYm;blIr bN/en b-;/; penin. AE &;W;Y &;bpk;exr e=e]\ itin ibexW ek;en; rIitr pit
     a;si ed%;nin. br' t-;r el%;Y &;bpk;exr ex* yq;qR&;eb ere% mu pNh;Y &;W; b*bh;err idki$ a;m;ek
     d;,&;eb a;kO kerez. eymn ib+;n st*ek ejen st*ek pitit ker. AE b;k*i$ pkOt b*;kr,ibi/et bl;
     hel AE&;eb bl; ht m;nuW ib+;enr m;/*em st*ek ejen t;rpr t;ek pitit ker. AE rkm ;/In pNh;Y
     rbINdn;eqr E'erijr b*bh;r mUlt" Aki$ ann* /;r;Y pitit. AE aeqR t-;r E'erijet ntuntB Ab' wbic]* %-uej
     p;\Y; y;Y.

   195861 s;l pyRNt y%n j;p;en rbINdjnxtbeWRr k;yRm clet q;ek t%n apt*;ixt&;ebE pefsr ikej; En;ju Ab' pefsr ikeY;ix EY;m;icr s;=;_ `e$. sbt" e$eg;r emem;irY;l Aes;iseYxenr ecY;rm*;n @
. kuinihek; \\kur; t-;edrek
k;yRkrI pirWedr sds* h\Y;r jn* a;hB;n j;n;n. t-;rE eporihet* AE dujn ibix rbINd& \ gebWekr imln `e$ Amn Aki$ ekNdibNduet y; izl rbINdn;eqr ix=;ibWY. AE idki$ t-;edr m;nes ibexW a;gehr jn ideYizl. ey jn* s;=;_k;el t-;r; AkE ibWeYr \pr k;j krezn ejen ibiSt heYizeln heYizeln anup;i,t. pefsr En;ej; inbR;cn kerizeln a;m;r ibd*;lY Ab' pUbR;lIY ibXbibd*;lY AE dui$ rcn; a;r pefsr EY;mic a;m;r jIbn Ab' a;m;r ibd*;lY. Ar me/*
a;m;r ibd*;lY rcn;i$ pefsr En;ej;r inbR;cenr s;eq imel y;\Y;Y itin a;XcyR heYizeln. eknn; rbINdn;eqr AE rcn;i$ %ub km el;kE peezn. &;ret et; be$E j;p;en\. AkE ibWY aj;n; dujn dup;eNt eqek ix=;r b;hn iheseb inbR;cn kr;r b*;p;ri$ek pefsr En;ej; btRm;enr d;ib belE gh, ker ineyezn. aqR;_ t_k;lIn j;p;enr pirebxpiriShit Ab' s;m;ijk abSh; rbINdn;eqr peY;jnIYt; anu&b kerizl.
   dujenr s;=;_ t-;edrek rbINdn;q sMpekR a;r\ ebix a;ghI ker et;l;r kq; j;n; y;Y. ik&;eb t, pjnek t-;r pit a;r\ a;kO kr; y;Y t-;edr k;ez t-;r b;,I ep-oez edY; y;Y es ibWeY Ak;tt;r i&iet dujen ed*;g gh, kern. t-;r; pirkLpn; enn ibXbibd*;leYr s'Oit \ ix=; ib&;egr E'erij p;#*geNh rbINdn;qek aNt&Ru kr;E heb pyu k;j. AE&;eb t;m;g;\Y; ibXbibd*;lY Ab' n;g;s;ik ibXbibd*;leY rbINdicNt;ek ix=;ibWY iheseb pen;r ed*;g enY; heYizl. ikNtu t; ktdUr pyRNt aqR;_ an*;n* as'%* ix=;pit;en ibStOt heYizl ikn; es sMpekR teq*r anusN/;n clez. 
   pirexeW blet c;E btRm;n j;p;in pjn ey&;eb m;ikRnI sSt; jnipY s'Oit Ab' eY;er;pIY aNt"s;rxUn* jIbn/;r;r anus;rI heY pez edxI ix=;s'OitmOl*eb;/ek ibSOt heY ik'b; smg;j;it a;j ey&;eb apiter;/* y;iN]kt;r ixk;r heY pez el;&I ib;Nt r;jnIitk \ aqRgO/nu bj;itk b;i,ij*k pit;nel;r pbl p&;eb t;r eqek mui epet rbINdn;eqr xr,;p h\Y; z;; gt*Ntr enE. AE ibWYi$r pit A%n sectn j;p;in n;girkedr dOi inb heCz /Ier /Ier j;p;enr Ccix=; pit;nel;et &;rtIY Ab' b;'l;edxI ix=;rt ix=;qIR Ab' j;p;npb;sI rbINd&edr ibi& kmRk;er m;/*em. k;ejE A%nE pyu smY A ix=; pit;nel;et rbINdn;eqr ix=;ibWYk rcn;blIek p;#*em aNtR&u ker ix=; pd;enr.

25.04.2004 e$;ikeY; j;p;n  

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