su&;W eb;s Ak;e@mI j;p;n Ab' an*;n* ps^


     m;s;\ h;Y;ix A%n 92. yupUbR Akjn j;tIYt;b;dI kmRI &;rtIY Sb;/Int; yue a'xgh,k;rI ey;; Ab' yuer pr ent;jIr ict;&eSmr s'r=k s'g#k. btRm;en b;/Rk*jint k;re, asuSh Ab' Smr,xir idek yeq dubRl. b;s krezn e$;ikeY;r adUer k;\Y;s;ik xher.
j;p;en pitit supirict su&;W eb;s Ak;e@mIrr kmRsicb (ese$;rI). 17.09.02 t;ire% dupuer e$ilef;en kq; hl t;-r s;eq. Akr;x e=;& \ :m; Zer pl t;r kiMpt kN# eqek. %ub eijt heY a;ezn t; buZet b;kI rEln;. y%n j;net c;El;m ikzu heYez ikn; bleln" a;b;r gt k;lek ent;jIr ict;&S prI=; kr;r jn* Aki$ dl Aesez. t;edr s;eq sk;l dx$; pyRNt kq;bt;R hl ernek;ij miNder t;rpr t;r; cel egeln &;rtIY dUt;b;esr idek. a;im b;s;y ifer Al;m. ek entOtB ideCzn j;net c;El;m. bll;m" n;m$; et; men kret p;rizn;. teb b;^;lI bel men hln;. A%n E'erjI buiZn; blet\ p;irn;. sb &uel y;iCz a;jk;l. xrIr$;\ &;el; enE. a;r kq; n; b;ieY du/Aki$ kq; j;net eceY anumit inl;m.

 btRm;en Ak;e@mIet ktjn sds* a;ezn?
 p;Y 60 jn. teb ai/k;'xE bYSk Ab' x;rIirk k;re, Ar; inYimt ey;g;ey;g kret p;rezn n;.

A%n s&;pit iheseb ek a;ezn?
n; s&;pit keYk bzr a;eg SbgRb;sI heyezn. im. k;t;kur;. itin izeln tOtIY s&;pit. A%n Akm;] a;im kmRsicb iheseb s'g#ni$ c;ileY y;iCz. a;r bzr bzr ent;jIr jNm \ mOtu* b;iWRkI p;ln kriz yt%;in p;riz. A%;en j;p;n b; &;rt srk;r ek shey;gIt; krezn;.

   a;pn;r et; bYs heYez aenk. a;r ktidn A&;eb sb heb a;pn;r pe= s'g#enr k;j c;ileY y;\Y;?
   n; a;r et; sb heCzn;. ek d;iYtB eneb Amn d;iYtBxIl k;ek p;iCzn;. j;p;nIedr A%n Asb ibWeY ek;n a;gh enE. p;ex;/R y;edr bYs t;r; et; j;enEn; yupUbR ek;n Eith;s

   Ab;r\ yid ent;jIr ict;&S &;ret ifireY enY; n; hY t;hel ik krebn ?
   m;] et; Ar; prI=; kret Ael;. prI=; kreb t;rpr &;ret ifer y;eb. es%;en irep;$R edeb. es aenk edrI fl;fl epet. an*;n*b;err met; Ab;r\ p;,;Ntkr a;ebdn j;ineYiz ent;jIr ict;&S ineY igeY x;r s;eq sm;iht kret t-;r jNm&Uimet. yid Ab;r\ a;m;r a;ebdn gOhIt n; hY icrter a;x; b;d idet heb. a;im j;inn; a;m;r per ekb; k;r; Ak;e@mI c;ileY ineY y;ebn Ab' ent;jIr ict;&Sek b; k;r; ed%;ex;n; krebn. 

   ent;jI et; A%n SbgRb;sI Ab' inidR ek;n pirb;err sNt;n itin a;r nn. itin A%n j;tIY ent; Ab' p;t"Sr,IY b*itB. t-;ek srk;r ifireY enY;r jn* ec; krez esE 40 bzerr\ ebix smY /er. t-;r a;tIYSbjn gebWk j;tIY pyR;eyr ebx keYkjn ent; r;pit p/;nmN]I j;p;en Aes ent;jIr e%-;j%br ineYezn ernek;ij miNder igeY x; j;ineYezn. Ak;i/kb;r  ptI+; kerezn t-;r ict;&S &;ret ineY y;b;r b*bSh; krebn. ikN\ ekE kq; r;%ezn n;. Ar pkOt k;r, ik ?

   srk;r A ibWeY a;Ntirk bel a;m;r ibXb;s Ab' yq;s;/* ec; krez. mUlt" gld
b-;i/eYezn ent;jIr pirb;err el;kjn. t-;r bd; bd;r ezel Ab' n;itr;. t;r; A%en; ibXb;s krezn ent;jI jIibt a;ezn. itin t;Eeh;kur m;_suEY;m; ibm;nbNder ibm;n du`R$n;Y m;r; y;nin. aenk &;rtIYedr ibXb;s ent;jI ek;q;\ ek;n p;h;e b; an* ek;n edex eb-ec a;ezn. p]pi]k;el;\ et; AE ibXb;sek bzerr pr bzr jIEeY r;%ez. kt gebW,; prI=;inrI=; hl ikNtu ent;jIr s;n ek epeln n;. a;r ent;jI eb-ec q;kel t-;r bYs A%n kt? ent;jIr &;rtbWR ik Sb;/In hYin ? t;hel a;r pl;tk q;k;r kI k;r, q;ket p;er? t;hel a;mr; y;r; t-;r `in izl;m Ab' y;r; t-;rE shey;gI; y-;r; \E du`R$n;r smY AkE ibm;en izeln a;ht heYizeln AkE h;sp;t;el icik_s;/In izeln t-;r; ik imq*uk ?
A-edr piShit Ab' s;=* mng; ? y;r; yui m;enn t;r; ibXb;s kern ey ent;jI sit*E ibm;n du`R$n;Y mOt*ubr, kerezn. mOt*ur pr t-;r ict;&S e$;ikeY;et ineY Aes ernek;ij ebo miNder syet s'r=, kr; heYez. esE 1945 s;el. ibedxIr;\ et; ibXb;s krezn ent;jIr mOt*uek. Amn ik t-;r emeY aint; pyRNt itin inej\ Akb;r p/;n mN]I ENdr jr;l prr; mN]I p,b mue%;p;/*;Yek ent;jIr ict;&S &;ret ifireY ineY sm;iht kr;r jn* a;ebdn j;ineYezn. ikNtu t;r; Aet g; kernin em;e$E. A\ belezn yid &;rt srk;r k;yRt" ent;jIr ict;&S &;ret inet aSbIk;r ker t;hel itin t; iney igeY j;mR;en sm;iht ker Aki$ SOitSt inmR;, krebn.

   y;eh;k A pyRNt t-;r s;eq bl;r pr a;r ibr kret c;Ein. bStut" AEsb kq; ntun ikzu nY. aenk gNh inbN/pbeN/ Asb kq; el%; heYez. j;p;nIr; b;r b;r ent;jIr ict;&S &;ret ifireY idet eceYezn A%en; c;eCzn. ikN\ b;^;lI \ srk;err
gimixr k;re, t; sb heCz n;.
   puren; tq* eqek j;n; y;eCz ey yuer per ent;jIr ict;&S j;p;en s'r=e,r ibWeY ebx l;E kret heYez ent;jIr s;eq s'ix b*iedrek. ibexW ker ibjYI m;ikRnI esn;r; dӳt e$;ikeY;sh s;r; j;p;en zieY pizl. /rp;k krizl ent; r;jnIitibd buijIib s;mirk b;ihnI Ab' srk;rI kmRktR;edr. a;nibk eb;m;r a;`;et cU,RibcU,R iher;ixm; n;g;s;ikr a;tRn;d h;h;k;er a;k;x b;t;s pkiMpt. eb;m;Y sMpU,R&;eb ib/BSt r;j/;nI e$;ikeY;. a&;b an$n =u/; d;ird ebk;retBr k;re, crm&;eb ibpyRSt j;p;n. esE piriShitr me/* a;emirk;n esn;edr &eY ek;n miNdr r;jI hYin ent;jIr ict;&S gh, kret. Akm;] akuet;&Y Ab' ent;jIr pit x;xIl ernek;ij ebo miNderr p/;n puer;iht EY;suix em;icjuik AigeY Aes belizeln " &;rtIY Sb;/Int;r s'g;mI mh;pueWr ict;&S sur=; kreb; s;bRjnIn m;nbt;b;edr dOiek;, eqek. yid ek;n\ smY piriShit pirbitRt \ anukUl hY teb a;im AE pib] &S &;ret ep-oez idet ECzuk.
   puer;iht em;icjuicek a;imR $;Ebun;l tdNt kimxn keYkb;r ent;jI sMpekR ij+;s;b;edr jn* e@ek p;i#eYizl. ikNtu itin em;e$E ibcilt hnin. egPt;err a;x;ek ep=; ker itin miNder ent;jIr ict;&S s'r=, kerizeln. t-;r mOt*ur pr miNderr puer;iht hn t-;rE pu] ikeY;eYE em;icjuik. itin\ ipt;r pd; anusr, ker ent;jIr ict;&eSr tB;b/;n krezn. inYimt pUj;acRn; ker y;eCzn. pit bzr ent;jIr jNm \ mOtu* idbesr idn s;/;re,r jn* miNderr mUl p;sn;lY Nmu ker edY; hY. ey%;en @;np;ex ait yetr s;eq j;p;nI ith*;nus;er Aki$ p;e]r me/* ict;&S ri=t a;ez. ent;jIr pbI, &r;sh j;p;n pb;sI &;rtIY n;girkbONd Ab' dUt;b;esr kmRktR;r; smebt hn x; +;pn kret. ai/k;'xE bYes pbI, y-;edr bYs 65 eqek 90 ait;Nt. aep=;kOt t, j;p;nIedr piShit enE blelE cel.
   bzr dexk a;eg\ &;rtIYr; ebx a;setn. ibexW ker p;;bI ix%r;. b;^;lI %ubE km Aesezn A%en; y;r; a;esn h;et eg;n;. e%* ey gt 30 bzr /er e$;ikeY;et b;'l;edexr dUt;b;s reYez. +;t q;k; setB\ ek;n b;'l;edxI r;dUt b; kmRktR; ent;jIr Sr,s&;Y ekotuhl bxt\ ek;nidn piSht hnin. aqc Ar; e$;ikeY;et q;k;k;iln smeY ibi& s&; anu;en ent;jI n;em km bkbk kernn;. pit bzrE piShitedr s'%*; kem a;sez bel j;n; egl. AE bzrE 2002 n;ik pt*;x*;r\ ai/k el;k Aesezn bel ent;jI & p;ex;/R j;p;n ikeY;ed; inj s'Sh;r s;'b;idk t;ekjuim b;n j;n;eln. im. t;ekjuim keYk bzr a;eg ent;jIr 50 tm mOt*u b;iWRkI ple= su&;W cNd Ak;e@mIr shy;igt;Y tq* s'gh ker j;p;nI \ E'erjI &;W;Y EN$;rene$ Aki$ \eY&s;E$ c;lu kerezn.
   an*;n* b;err mtn A bzr\ ag;$ m;esr 18 t;ir% ribb;r e$;ikeY;Sh suign;im \Y;e@Rr ihg;ix ek;eYnij e$xn s'lg ernek;ij ebo miNder ent;jIr 57tm mOt*u idbs ple= Ak puj; \ Sr,&;r a;eY;jn kerizl Ak;e@mI. dupur 1$; eqek anuit pUj;nu;en p;Y 60
/70 jn j;p;nIibedxI ent;jI &er sm;ebx `e$. anu/BR 4/5 z;; skelE izeln p;x;/R \ pbI,. aenekE miNderr is-i s'lg Sh;en Sh;ipt ent;jIr a;b= mUitRr s;men d-;ieY zib tuelezn. AE mUitRi$ ent;jIr 45tm mOtu* b;iWRkIr smY Ak;e@mI Sh;pn kerez. miNderr idBtel mUl p;sn; gOehr f$k
%uel idel per a;gt aitiqr; a;sn gh, kern. s;men pib hn p/;n puer;iht. a;/`N$; /er puer;iht mN] p;# kr;r pr j;n;eln skel s;irb&;eb x; j;n;et. piSht skel b;m idk eqek Aekr pr Ak ai/it edbt; buer cre, /Uepr -e; kp;el z-uEeY jBlNt p;e] ere% @;n p;ex ri=t ent;jIr ict;&Sek p,;m j;ineY punr;Y a;sn gh, kern. a;gt aitiqedr me/* &;rtIY r;dUetr pirbetR k;eNsl;r xI remx cNdr piSht izeln. pUj; exeW Aktl;r s&;ke= dUr dUr;Nt eqek a;gt ent;jI &edr Ak SOit tpR, anuit hY. ent;jIr s;eq sr;sir s'ix izeln t;edr me/* itn/c;r jn ent;jIr SOit c;r, kreln. Aedr me/* Akjn izeln EeMpirY;l esn;b;ihnIr t_k;lIn k*;eP$n fuij. itin a;ebg qrqr keN# a;j;d ihNd efoejr (INA) kdm kdm b;rh;eY y; dlIY s^Iti$ egeY ex;n;n. p;Y 50 bzr a;eg ex%; g;ni$ A%en; itin in&Rul &;eb g;Eet p;ern.
   1940 s;elr idek iyin &;rtIY Sb;/Int; yue a'xgh, kerizeln ent;jIr s'SpexR Aesizeln esE m;s;\ h;Y;ix axӳ bWR, ker aenk SOitmY kq; bleln. ent;jIek At k;z eqek ede%ezn A%en; t-;r k;ez men hY AE esidenr `$n;. ent;jIr b*itB entOtB edxepm Ab' em/;r s;eq tuln; kr;r mtn ek;n j;p;nI s;mirk aifs;r t%n izeln n; j;n;eln. A rkm ptI+;b edxm;tOk;esbI muiey;; a;r AixY;Y jNm eneb ikn; j;inn;. a;m;r eso&;g* ey Amn Akjn akuet;&Y bIr pueWr s;i/* epeYizl;m. a;im A%en; c;E ent;jIr ict;&S t-;r Sb;/In Sbedx &Uimet ineY y;\Y; eh;k. a;r ktk;l itin A&;eb pb;es eqek k p;ebn. t-;r a;t; AE j;p;enE a;ez. t-;ek Ab;r ssMm;en Sbedex ifireY inn bel piSht &;trb;sIr k;ez a;ebdn j;n;n.
   &;rtIY dUt;b;esr pitini/ im
. remx cNdr im. h;y;ixr beb*r /;er k;ez n; igeY ent;jIr & \ Ak;e@mIr kmRktR;edrek AE Sr,s&; a;eY;jn kr;r jn* kOt+t; +;pn kreln. teb a;ebegr t;n;Y itin\ axӲis heYezn. t;rpr Sr,s&; cl;k;lIn abSh;Y ibd;Y ineln. AE s&;Y pitb;err mtn Ab;r\ Aesizeln t_k;lIn jnesibk; xImtI ikkuek; Aem;irr 60 ait;Nt kn*;. a;l;pk;el j;n;eln" m;eYr drd izl m;eYr eceY m;sIr drd eymn etmn. inejr ezelemeYedr mue%r %;b;r$uku pyRNt ibedxI z;]edr mue% tuel idetn. e%* ey Aem;ir t_k;lIn AixY;r edxel; eqek j;p;enr imil$;rI k*;e@$ keljel;et a/*Ynrt p;Y 300 z;e]r esb;xW;r d;Yd;iYtB k-;e/ tuel ineYizeln. Aedr me/* ebx ikzu &;rtIY z;]\ izeln y;r; ent;jIr dB;r; Sb;/Int;r meN] Iibt heYizeln. t;edr k;ez Aem;ir izeln ipY m;sI. itin j;p;en ent;jIr abSh;nk;el t-;r\ esb; kerezn.

   s&;r Ak pyR;eY p;ex bs; su&;W eb;s Ak;e@mIr &;k;I im
. t;ekjuim b;nek ije+s krl;m"
   
   ebx et; el;kjn Aesez. im. h;Y;ix Ab;r t, k;ek Ak;e@mIr d;iYtB idel p;ern.
   a;im gt dx bzr /er t-;r s;ie/* a;iz. aenk&;eb anuer;/ keriz Ak;e@mIr &ibW*_ ineY icNt; kr;r jn*. a;m;r\ EeCz a;ez k;j kr;r. &;rtIY srk;r %ub shej ent;jIr ict;&S &;ret ineY y;ebn A$; a;r ibXb;sey;g* nY. aenekEet; Aeln e$;ikeY;et gt 50 bzr /er. pqm r;pit r;ejNdps;d t;rpr p/;n mN]I j\hr l;l eneh t;r kn*; EiNdr; g;N/I ent;jIr ;tu:pu] ixixr bsu aimYn;q bsu a;r\ kt
ib%*;t b*i j;tIY ent;r; b;r b;r pitxӳit edY; setB\ a;j pyRNt t;edr kq; r;e%nin. ent;jI sit*E m;r; igeYezn ikn; A$; t-;rE ict;&S ikn; b; ekn t-;r AE rhs*jnk aNtR/;n Et*;id ibWeY prI=; kr;r jn* pqm srk;rI tdNtk;rI dli$ a;es 1956 s;el esi$ ent;jIr shey;gI a;E An Ar s;ebk ejn;erl x;hn;\Y;j kimxn. itin anusBN/;n ker &;ret ifer igeY irep;$R ideln ey ent;jI t;Eeh;kur adUer ibm;n du`R$n;Y m;r; egezn. aE delr itn sdes*r me/* ent;jIr b &;E suerx cNd bsu\ izeln. itinE ebek- bseln Ab' SbIk;r kret c;Eelnn; ey A$; ent;jIr ict;&S. esE eqekE btRm;n sms*;r sU]p;t. y; p;Y 50 bzr /er clez.
   h-*; esE kq;E itin t-;r SOitkq;Y ile%ezn. ile%ezn ernek;ij miNder ent;jIr ict;&eSr s;men k;;Y e&e^ peizeln. ex;ek At muh*m;n heY peizeln ey e# d-;;et p;rizelnn;. w$;ikeY; eqek efr;r smY h;end; AY;rep;e$R y%n im
. h;Y;ix t-;edr ibd;Y j;n;et Ak s;eq egeln t%n h$;_ ker suerx bsu bel bseln ey ent;jI mernin. Ae kq; en x;hn;\Y;j \ s^Isds* m;ilk t;ek a;XbSt kr;r ed*;g ineln ikNtu ek;n k;j hln; ede% e;/;inBt heln. Ak;i/kb;r bleln ey ent;jI mernin Aet ibiSmt heYizeln im. h;Y;ix \ an*;n;r;. Ar a;eg 1955 s;el ent;jIr tu>pu] aimyn;q bsu j;p;en Aesizeln. itin anuer;/ kreln ey ek;lk;t;Y ent;jIr Aki$ SOitx;l; geet;l;r pStuit clez. j;p;en\ ent;jI sMpikRt Aki$ Ak;e@mI pit; kr; eh;k. klk;t;Y ifer igeY itin Ak;i/kb;r ici#\ ele%n j;p;en. t;r anuer;e/E 1958 s;el su&;W eb;s Ak;e@mI pitit hY ernek;ij miNderr p/;n puer;ihtsh ent;jIr shey;gI j;p;nI p;n esn; aifs;r Ab' &edr eyoq pec;Y. x;hn;\Y;j %;enr irep;$R y%n srk;r gh, krln; t%n Ak;e@mI eqek a;b;r a;ebdn j;n;en; hl. Arpr srk;r e%;xl; kimxn p;#;eln. e%;xl;r s;eq ent;jI pitit fer;\Y;@R bekr anl ps;d cbtRIR \ sunIl Pt izeln. im. e%;xl;\ pUbbtIR x;hn;\Y;j %;enr irep;$RE bj;YE r;%eln. fel es$;\ gh,ey;g* hln; ek;n Ak rhs*mY k;re,. im. h;Y;ix Ak;i/kb;r &;rt egeln sr;sir epise@eN$r s;eq s;=;_ kreln. a;Xb;s ideln ptI+; kreln Ab;r ent;jIek Sbedex ifireY enebn. ikNtu ptI+; r=; krelnn;. =mt;r bdl `e$. ntun entOtB a;es k;ejr k;j ikzuE hYn;. exWb;r 1984 s;el igeYizeln im. h;Y;ix. t;\ ibfl heYez. 
    Arpr\ anusN/;nI dl Aesez. ent;jIr a;erk ;tu:pu] ixixr bsu\ sS]Ik Aesizeln. ernek;ijet x; +;pn ker egezn. mj;r b*;p;r heCz AE pirb;err skelrE ibXb;s" ent;jI mernin. itin ek;q;\ eb-ec a;ezn. t;hel a;r miNder igeY x; j;n;en; ekn ?

im. b;nek a;b;r bll;m" a;pin et; dI`Ridn /er ernek;ijr s;eq jit. a;pn;r ik /;r,; ent;jI sit*E t;E\Y;en m;r; egezn ?

   a;m;r\ ibXb;s itin ibm;n du`R$n;Y mOt*ubr, kerezn. s'ix im. h;Y;ix enegix t;d;em;et;; pt*= s;=I ke,Rl h;ibbur rhm;n @;;r eY;ixim pmu%edr kq; ik imeq* heb ?

   Ar ebix A ibWeY im
. b;enr s;eq kq; hYin. t;r yui\ efel edb;r mtn nY. yid ent;jI sit*E m;r n; y;ebn t;hel ernek;ijr ict;&S k;r ? eknEb; t-;r; gt 57 bzr /er Ar tBb/;n krezn ? inXcYE A%;en ek;n Pt rhs* a;ez. 
   t;hel ent;jI m;r; y;nin m;r; y;b;r &;n kerezn bel /er inE t;hel y;r; belezn ey r;ixY;et t-;ek 1946 s;el ed%; egez eymn fer;\Y;@R bk p;i$Rr s;/;r, sMp;dk pY;t ic bsu @r pUrbI r;Y pmu% t;edr kq;E sit* heY d-;;Y. aenekr &;W* ent;jI s;EebirY; heY meSk; ep-oezizeln r;ixY;r s;h;ey* exWb;err mtn m;tO&Uimr Sb;/Int; ajRn kr; y;Y ikn; ec; ker ed%et peq ek;n du`R$n; `e$in. es%;en 1946 s;el jun m;s pyRNt ekijib kmRktR; kitpY &;rt ibexW+ el;kjn t-;ek ede%ezn bel j;n;eCzn. es;i&eYt r;ixY; e&e^ y;b;r pr es%;nk;r p]pi]k;Y S;Yuyuer smY luK;iYt aenk tq* pk;ixt hY ent;jI sMpekR.

   px heCz " 46 Ar pr ik r;ixY;nr; t;ek emer efleb ?

 
yid r;ixY;nr; t;ek emerE efel Ak$; %br\ heb n; ? Atb Akjn b*itB s;r; AixY; Ab' eY;er;ep iyin d;pe$r s;eq k;i$eYezn t-;ek r;ixY; emer hjm ker efleb At shej sMpit fer;\Y;@R bekr ejn;erl ese$;rI aex;k e`;W Ak a;elikt Ei^t ideYezn Ak s;=;_k;er. es%;en itin belezn " 1946 s;el i#k yuer prprE y%n &;retr =mt;Y aNtRbtIRk;lIn srk;r Ab' pit eneh &;bI p/;n mN]I. jwnk p&;bx;lI ekijib aifs;r y;r n;m xI e`;W &uel egezn iyin eb;e abSh;n krizeln eneh ktORk a;t heYizeln idIet. eneh Aki$ ici# ekijib AejeN$r m;/*em r;ixY;r $;lIenr k;ez p;#;n. @. pUrbI r;Y ent;jIr pr gebW,; kret igeY AejN$ ey etehr;n heY meSk; ep-oezizl t;r pm;, epeYezn Er;enr Ak srk;rI mh;efj%;n;et. t%n &;ret clez crm r;jwnitk s'k$. ibi$xr; s;Mpd;iYk d;^;h;^;m;r k;re, &;rtek &;g kret c;Eez. t;r s;eq yu heYez ix% sms*;. b;mpNhI s;m*b;dI Ab' sm;jtN]Ir; ibed;h krez ihNdumuslm;nedr d;^;ek ekNd ker ibi$xedr 
WyeN]r ibe. &;rtbWR Aki$ ibeSf;rNmu% a;egYigiret p;Ntirt heYizl es smY. AE r;jwnitk s'ke$r smY eneh inXcYE $;lInek e&Cz; b;,I p;#;ebn n; ekijibr AejN$ek b*bh;r ker AE smY a;erki$ %br p;\Y; egl ey yuer pr ent;jI di=,pUbR AixY;r Ptb;s eqek ebireY m;ncuirY; heY es;i&eYt EinYen ep-oezizeln. k;ejE A%n px heCz " ent;jIr meSk; y;]; a;r $;lIenr k;ez enehr eg;pn ici# p;#;en;r me/* ek;n ey;gsU] a;ez ikn; ? g&Ir rhs* `nI&UUt a;ez a;$ilek ili%t enehr Aki$ ici#et\. ebx keYk bzr a;eg e$;ikeY;et Ak s&; exeW keyk dxk j;p;en bsb;s krezn Amn Akjn ek;lk;t;r ibdUWI mihl; su&;W ceNdr kq; pse^ belizeln " ent;jI yid &;rtbeWR ifer a;set p;retn t;hel enehekE emer efletn A$;\ i#k ey mh;t; g;N/I eneh \ ent;jIr me/* r;jwnitk erW;eriW izl. ent;jIr kn*; aint;r /;r,;E /;r ker blet hY ey su&;W cNd bsu /urN/r g;N/I eneh p*;e$l r;ejNdps;d pmue%r en;'r; r;jnIitr ixk;r. eknn; t-;r; Spt"E buZet eperizeln ey su&;W bsuek d;ibeY r;%; y;ebn;. Sb;/Int;r a;eNd;ln Ab' Sb;/Int;p;iPtr pr &;retr smSt r;jwnitk =mt; t-;r h;et cel y;eb. aqR;_ jel; b;'l;Y blel AE d-;;Y ey b;^;lIr em/; \ xir k;ez eher n; y;\Y;r eg;pn s'kLp kerizeln ent;r;. pkOtpe= " ent;jIr dxRnek p;/;n* idel ihNdumuslm;n NdB bN/ kr; eyt Ab' b;'l; \ &;rt &;g;&;ig htn;. A-r; ey i&ter i&ter x;sk ibi$exr d;l;l Ab' musilmiber;/I izl A$; pir:k;r ek;n gebW,; kr;r peY;jn enE belE a;m;r ibXb;s. EMplai&y;enr b*qRt;r jn* k'egesr d;sInt; ik km d;YI ? eneh ek;nidn Aki$ x ile%ezn ik t-;r ek;n el%;Y ent;jI sMpekR ? aint;r ij+;s; rbINdn;q i#kE icenizeln su&;W ik rt t;E smSt ikzu ibc;ribebcn; ker t-;ek edxn;Yk belizeln. aqR;_ Spt"E Ei^t kerizeln &;retr pirc;lk q;kel esE a;ez ikNtu m;nsbNdI &ibW*_ =mt;r NdB a;r ibi$xedr m;gt su&;Wiber;/I pp;g;;Y k'egs ib;Nt izl a;r esE ib;iNtek mx" ji$l kerezn g;N/I Ab' eneh. ent;jIr ibe enehr Pt k;rs;ij WyN] Ab' abehl; ineY\ gebWk pitedr me/* km a;el;cn; heCzn;. gebW,; krel b tq* ebireY a;seb. j;p;nIr;\ ey AEsb a;&*NtrI, dBNdB \ WyeN]r kq; &;el; ker j;ennn; t; nY. a;j ik aSbIk;r kr;r ek;n p;Y a;ez ey ent;jIr j;igeY et;l; `umNt ineXctn &;rtIY j;tIYt;b;dE &;retr Sb;/Int;ek tr;inBt kerin rhs*;bOt aqb; mOt ent;jIr aimtbl &;bmUitR &;rtx;sk ibi$xedr jn* a;r\ ebix &eYr k;r, heY d-;ieYizl

ent;jIr anmnIY &;bmUitR "

         j;p;nIedr s;eq s'ilPt h\Y;r pr ent;jI pr;/In &;retr muid;t; iheseb ey asIm s;hsI &Uimk; r;%et eperizeln inejek dumR;rdujRY Ak xix;lI &;bmUitRet It kret s=m heYizeln Ar epzen k;j kerez j;p;n pb;sI r;sibh;rI bsu epr,;. ibpbI r;sibh;rI bsu j;p;nI ejn;erl $;f aifesr b;/;ibpi p&;bx;lI r;jwnitk ktR;b*iedr iber;i/t; setB\ itin su&;W bsuekE exW d;iYtB$uku apR, kret eceY t-;ek j;mR;n eqek j;p;en a;hb;n kerizeln. eknn; b;/Rk*jint k;re, t-;r pe= k;j c;ileY y;\Y; sb hiCzl n;. 1943 s;elr 4#; jul;E su&;W bsur h;et EiY;n Eni@epne@Ns lIegr epise@N$xIp tuel edn r;sibh;rI bsu. esEs;eq ineStj p;Y a;j;d ihNd efoj (INA) ek is^;puer pungRi#t kern su&;W bsu. 5E jul;E is^;puer anuit Ak sm;ebex su&;W bsu ey &;W, edn &;rtIY esn;edr eex es%;enE pqm itin sklek u kern idI cel; idI cel; mN]b;,Iet. ey mN] j;p;nI wsn*edr pyRNt p&;ibt kerizl. kiqt a;ez AE smY r;sibh;rI bsuE su&;W bsuek ent;jI ai&/; ideYizeln. e%* ey pc j;tIYt;b;dI r;sibh;rI bsuE is^;pur b;mR; \ m;leYixY;Y j;p;nI wsn*edr h;et /Ot &;rtIY wsn*edr ineY ibpbI b;ihnI g#n kerizeln Ab' p/;n esn;pitr d;iYtB ideYizeln j;p;nIedr dB;r; /Ot ibi$x esn; aifs;r em;hn is'Ar pr.

     1915 s;el b l;$ l@R h;i@Rek eb;m;r a;`;et ht*; kr;r pec; b*qR hel per m;q;Y mOt*ur per;Y;n; ineY r;sibh;rI bsu p;ileY j;p;en a;xY gh, kerizeln. j;p;en Aes t_k;lIn AkCz] p&bx;lI j;tIYt;b;dI ent; im_su et;EY;m;r shey;igt;Y &;rtIY Sb;/Int; a;eNd;len inejek ibileY ideYizeln.
t-;ek aenekE s;m;j*b;dI j;p;enr d;l;l bel sm;el;cn; ker q;ekn. ikNtu A%en; t-;r \pr yeq gebW, hYin. pb;es eqek m;tO&Uimr Sb;/Int;r jn* s;m;j*b;dI j;p;n;Iedrek &;rtIyedr k;ez bN/utBpU,R ker et;l;r epzen sudI`R smY t;ek b*Y kret heYez. ak;Nt pirxm kret heYez. aenk t*;g itit=; SbIk;r kret heYez idenr pr idn. es %br a;mr; kjnE b; j;in j;p;nsh AixY;r an*;n* ael bsb;srt pb;sI &;rtIYedr s'gi#t kerezn itin b k;#% puieY `;m ZireY. dI`Ridn e$;ikeY;sh ibi& Sh;en pl;tk jIbny;pn kr;r fel sUeyRr a;el; ed%et p;ernin t-;r S]I ezelemeYr;. pb;es t-;r &;sm;n ibpbI jIbenr s;eq ainCz;setB\ jieYizeln t, jIbn _sgR kerizeln S]I es;m; et;ixek;. aitir pirxm ainXcYt; pl;tk jIbenr m;nisk yN],;Y et;ixek; y=;er;eg a;;Nt hn Ab' m;] 30 bzr bYes mOt*ubr, kern. Arpr\ e&e^ penin r;sibh;rI bsu. sbRxi iney;g kern su&;W bsuek j;p;en a;miN]t ker a;n;r jn* Ab' sfl\ heYizeln. smg AixY;ek exBt;^edr krtl eqek mu kret Akjn p%r buisMp yun;Yksul& ent;r peY;jen su&;W bsuek inbR;cn \ d;iYtB apR, kr;r kU$wnitk  kOittB Akm;] t-;rE p;p*. r;sibh;rI bsu j;p;nIedr sMpekR ag;/ ai&+t; ajRn krel\ ent;jIr t; izl n;. ikNtu s;m;j* ibSt;er nμ j;p;nI entObONdek ent;jI p&;ibt kret eperizeln. j;p;nIr; t-;ek b*bh;r kret eceYizeln ibi&&;eb ikNtu b*qR heY ent;jIr inedRxekE p;/;n* ideYizeln. esn;pit \ p/;nmN]I ihedik et;ej; pir:k;rE belizeln ent;jIr s;eq a;l;pk;el ey j;p;enr Sb;qR Ak$;E AixY; eqek eY;er;pIYedr _%;t kr;. AixY; yid ;r kr; y;Y t;hel AixY;r edxel;ek Sb;/Int; edY; heb. eg$ ek;pseperi$ SpIY;r eg$ E$ AixY; k'egs p&Oit seMlen ey;gd;nk;rI AixY;r t_k;lIn ent;edrek\ ent;jI esE&;eb eb;Z;et eperizeln. j;p;nIedr \pr ibXb;s Sh;pn kr;et eperizeln. itin k%en;E j;p;nIedr putuel pir,t hnin. yid\ ibi$xr; km pp;g;; kerin ent;jI \ j;p;nek ineY. j;p;n pr;ijt h\Y; setB\ t-;ek e$;ikeY;et a;hb;n kr; heYizl. EMflai&y;n b*qR h\Y; Ab' j;p;nIedr a;tsmpR, kr;r pr ent;jI &;retr Sb;/Int;r Sbp muez efelnin itin j;p;nek anuer;/ kerizeln r;ixY;ek &;retr Sb;/Int;r b*;p;er n;ieY ed%et. pqem j;p;n AE pSt;b gh, kerin per r;jI hY Ab' ejn;erl etr;ic 72-2 SALLY n;mk Aki$ eb;m; ibm;n p;#;Y ent;jIek e$;ikeY; ineY a;set. AE ibm;ni$et kerE ent;jI 1945 s;elr 18E a;g$ %ub sk;el ke,Rl h;ibbur rhm;nsh i&eYtn;emr s;Egn eqek t;E\Y;en Aes ep-oz;n bel ibi& teq* pk;x. abx* ibm;en a;set p;ernin bel\ n;n; kq; ex;n; y;Y. j;p;enr a;tsmpRe,r pr skl wsn* AixY;r ibi& al eqek dӳt Sbedx efr;r jn* b*St heY pe. etr;icr p;#;en; ibm;en an*;n* s;mirk aifs;rr; ce e$;ikeY; cel a;esn. fel an* Aki$ m;l;m;l eb;Z;E =ud[ eb;m; ibm;en ker ent;jI an;n* s^Iedr ere% Akm;] ke,Rl h;ibbur rhm;nek s;eq ineY e$;ikeY;r idek y;]; kern. AkE iden dupur 2$; 30imine$ t;E\Y;enr m;_suEY;m; ibm;nbNdr eqek ibm;ni$ m;ncuirY;r eex y;]; ker. ibm;ni$ r;n\eY eqek a;k;exr idek \#etE pk; xe Ar @;nidekr Eini$ iz$ek ebireY y;Y Ab' pqem @;n idek k;_ heY per s;menr idek %-;;&;eb a;ze pe. s;eq s;eq epen a;n /er y;Y. epe$;l $*;'k efe$ igeY epe$;l pe ent;jIr xrIer. tbu ent;jI epzenr der;j;r idek edoe y;n ebr heY eyet ikNtu der;j;r k;ez aenk m;l;m;l q;k;Y esidek\ a;n elegez ede% s;menr der;j;r idek eyet c;Eel t-;r g;eY a;n eleg y;Y. tq;ip a;n jBlet jBlet ebireY pen itin Ab' a+;n heY y;n. keYk imine$r me/*E ent;jIsh an*;n*edrek t;E\Y;enr Shl b;ihnI h;sp;t;elr di=, pq ideY jrI ib&;eg ineY y;\Y; hY. ent;jIr smSt xrIr jBel Zles igeY ef;Sk; pe y;Y Ab' fuel e#. aigdegr pirm;, izl 3 i@gI. m;q;Y a;`;t l;g; =t eqek r ebr het q;ek. ib/BSt ibm;n eqek a;eg h;ibbur rhm;n \ per ent;jI ebr hn. aep=;kOt km d h\Y; h;ibebr +;n izl itin ent;jIr xrIerr a;n en&;et Ab' ep;x;k e%;l;r ec; ker b*qR hn. ke,Rl h;ibb xrIerr aenk;'x d abSh;Y AkE h;sp;t;el ent;jIr p;exr xy*;Y izeln. seN/*r pr Akb;r ent;jIr +;n ifer. t%n itin mOdu gl;Y h;s;n h;s;n bel a;tRSbr kern. h;ibb t-;ek beln a;im h;ibb. h;s;n A%;en enE. AE h;s;n heln a;ibd h;s;n. ent;jI h;ibbek inedRx kern EiY; y;\. es%;en igeY jns;/;r,ek eb;Z;\ Ab' edexr mui s'g;m ab*;ht r;e%;. a;m;r exW ai&p;Y &;rtbeWRr Sb;/Int;. a;im es a;x; ineY ibd;Y iniCz EiY; mu heb. jY ihNd a;b;r +;n h;r;n ent;jI. t;rpr a;r +;n ifer a;esin. jrI i&iet icik_s;r ek;n ]i$ kr; hYin. r;] 11$;r per exW in"Xb;s t*;g kern ent;jI su&;W cNd bsu.
     ent;jIr mOt*ur smY es%;en piSht izeln j;p;nI esn;b;ihnIr k*;eP$n @;;r t;enEeY;ix eY;ixim  @;;r sut; Eix ke,Rl h;ibbur rhm;n anub;dk im. n;k;mur; dujn n;sR dujn s;mirk aifs;r. icik_s;Y ey skl \Wu/ b*bht hY essb izl s*;l;En irnegl 500 isis Eekxn 3 b;r edY; hY Ab' b*q;n;xk \Wu/. ent;jIr xrIr eqek 200 isis r =Yp;Pt h\Y;Y 400 isis r edY; hY. t;rper\ t-;ek b-;c;en; sb hYin. @;;r eY;ixim Aki$ e@q s;i$Rifek$\ pd;n kern. A%en; itin eb-ec a;ezn t;r jnSh;n imY;j;ikejl;Y. bYs kmpe= 90 et p;r heY egezE. j;p;enr a;tsmpRe,r prprE h'ke ibi$x Ene$ilejns dPtr t-;r Aki$ s;=;_k;r gh, ker es%;en itin ent;jIr mOt*ur kq;E beln. t_k;lIn &;rtIY Sb;/Int; s'g;emr ent; INAr esn;pit ent;jI su&;W cNd bsur mu%;bYebr s;eq @;;r eY;iximr pircY n; q;k;r kq; nY. ent;jIr mredh pqem is^;puer ineY y;\Y;r kq; nY. ikNtu es%;en ibi$x im] b;ihnI Aes peb e&eb e$;ikeY; ineY a;n;r is;Nt gh, kern shey;gIr;. ikNtu pc gremr me/* ent;jIr a/Rd mredh e$;ikeY; pyRNt bhn kr; ks;/* men ker t;E\Y;enE 20ex a;g$ ke,Rl h;ibbur rhm;n im. n;g;et;em; Ab' anub;dk im. n;k;mur;r piShitet d;h kr; hY. j;p;en bhn ker a;n; hY ent;jI su&;W bsur ict;&S \ t-;r /nsMpd.

ek;q;Y egl ent;jIr rtel; ?

      ibm;n ib/BSt h\Y;r s;eq s;eq ent;jI s;Epn eqek bhn ker a;n; ibpul d;mI p;qr Sb,R;l;r Ab' hIr; jimenr \pr zieY izi$eY pe. ibm;nbNderr p;XbbtIR Al;k; eqek Ak mihl; ibd*;leYr z;]Iedr ep;x;k pireY c;ridn l;igeY AE rts;ij s'gh kr; hY. z;]Ir; pqm duiden pc gremr me/* ibr;mhIn k sh* ker 6/7 h;j;r k*;r;$ p;qr s'gh ker tOtIY iden 2 h;j;r Ab' exW iden a;r\ 2 h;j;r k*;er$. em;$ 10 h;j;err\ ebix \jenr k*;er$ p;qr es;n;d;n; dui$ eker;isn etelr i$en &itR ker ent;jIr ict;&eSr s;eq e$;ikeY;et ineY a;s; hY. Ael; ineY a;esn im. s;k;E im. n;k;mur; im. h;Y;ixd;. itnjnE t;E\Y;nSh ibix j;p;nI s;mirk aifs;r. Ael; e$;ikeY; pyRNt ineY a;s; izl at*Nt ks;/* b*;p;r. b;Yu Shl \ jlpeqr m;/*em e$;ikeY; ep-oez t;r; ent;jIr edh&S \ rtr;ij pqem j;p;nI s;mirk b;ihnIr p/;n dPter jm; edb;r jn* ineY a;esn. es%;nk;r p/;n aifs;r im. t;k;kur; esel; dPter jm; r;%;r eceY e$;ikeY;Sh &;rtIY Sb;/Int; s'g;m pirWedr pitini/ x;%;r p/;n im. r;m;mUitR \ im. a;Y;rAr k;ez hSt;Ntr kr;r jn* pedx edn. im. mUitR t_=,;_ ent;jIr ict;&S e$;ikeY; suign;im \Y;e@Rr ernek;ij miNder s'r=, kr;r b*bSh; kern. a;eY;jn kern supirser yq;ey;g* myR;d;r s;eq ent;jIr x;;nu;n. a;r rtel; s;mirk dPterr prI=; inrI=;r pr 1951 s;l pyRNt esel; t-;r inejr ehf;jet r;e%n. per idIet ineY igeY p/;n mN]I j\hr l;l enehr h;et apR, kern. ikNtu an* Aki$ tq* eqek j;n; y;Y ey 1957 s;el Sb;/In &;retr pqm p/;n mN]I pit eneh j;p;n sfer Ael im. r;m;mUitR \ im. a;Y;r t-;r k;ez rtsMpdel; hSt;Ntr kern. esidn izl eseP$r m;esr 24 t;ir%. A%;en Aki$ px ;pn kr; y;Y ent;jI yid n;E m;r; y;ebn t;hel t-;r /nrtel; e$;ikeY; pyRNt y;Y ik&;eb ? a;r ik&;ebEb; esel; &;rt srk;r gh, ker ?

/nsMpd sMpekR ibtkR "


   pkOtpe= t;E\Y;n eqek ey pirm;, rtr;ij j;p;en bhn ker a;n; heYizl t;r eceY aenk km n;ik &;rt srk;r gh, kerizl bel dI`Ridn duE edexr me/* ibtkR celizl. A%;en &;rtIY ent;edr at*Nt =ud mnm;niskt;r pircY p;\Y; y;Y. y;r; ent;jIr mOt*uek SbIk;r kern; ekbl anusN/;n ker eb;Y ayq; ibtkR et;el t-;r sMpekR j;p;enr d;l;l bel edYin t-;ek sudI`R k;l j;tIY bIerr SbIkOit t;r; ik&;eb /nsMpdel; gh, ker ? ibtkR tulet p;er ? ek;n yuiet ? ent;jI yid s;/usn*;sI heY yuer pr a;j\ eb-ec q;ekn Ab' &;retr m;i$etE t;hel t-;r sMpdel; j;p;en y;Y ik&;eb t;E\Y;n eqek yuer pr et; j;p;n;er s;eq ent;jIr a;r sMpkR q;k;r\ kq; nY a;r keYki$ ibWY heCz " ent;jIr mtn inelR;& d;iYtB sectn b*itB sn*;sI h\Y; setB\ At ibpul /nsMpedr e%-;j enebnn; b; &;rt srk;r gh, kr;r pr s'b;d j;nebnn; ejen ikzu blebnn; A$; &;b; y;Y ik ? Ael; et; t-;r b*igt sMpd izln; Asb izl Sb;/Int;k;mI ent;jIr smqRk s;/;r, pb;sI &;rtIY n;girkedr d;n
   AE ibWeY j;p;nI ktORpe=r &;W* izl " a;m;ntkOt sMpd y; izl sbE im. mUitRr k;ez hSt;Ntr kr; heYez ikNtu &;rtIY pitini/ delr &;W* izl Ar ibprIet " t;E\Y;n eqek a;int rtsMpdel; izl \jen a;r\ &;rI Ab' dui$ etelr i$en &itR. AE pitini/ delr me/* izeln ent;jIr t_k;lIn s^I ke,Rl h;ibbur rhm;n. ikNtu mUitR beln itin y%n j;p;nI s;mirk dPtr eqek Ael; gh, kerizeln t%n t;ek dui$ etelr i$n nY Aki$ qlI edY; heYizl. AE sMpd ineY duE edexr me/* eymn heYez ibtkR etmin reYez anud`;i$t rhs*. &;rtIY srk;r esel; ineY r;pit &benr y;du`er s'r=, kerez bel j;n; y;Y. y;r mUl* t_k;lIn smeY kmpe= 5000000 EeYn. Aik km $;k; ent;jIr @;ek pb;sI &;rtIYr; eymn r ideYez etmin ideYez duE h;t j; ker aqR Sb,R hIr; jhrt ktik t;_su\ h;Y;ixd; rict ihepik en; AEE cNd; eb;s en; ex;g;E n;mk gNh eqek j;n; y;Y t_k;el b;mR;r r;j/;nI er^uen bsb;sk;rI Akjn &;rtIY b*bs;YI h;ibb s;ihb jimjm; ibi ker t;r $;k; Ab' rtm;i,k* ibi ker sbRem;$ 13000000 pI ent;jIek pd;n kerizeln. t_k;el bihRibeXb &;rtIY b*bs;YIr; tuelizeln c-;d; iheseb 300000 EeYn smpirm;, pI. a;r\ Aki$ tq* eqek j;n; y;Y &;rtIY Sb;/Int; s'g;emr smY ey pirm;, $;k; \ es;n; hIr; d;mI p;qr c;d; iheseb et;l; heYizl t;r a'k rIitmet; ibSYkr p;Y 1 ek;i$ pI
   an*Ak tq* eqek j;n; y;Y ent;jI y%n s;Epn eqek t;E\Y;enr idek y;]; kern t%n ibm;ni$ ez;$ q;k;Y itin a;r\ ikzu m;lp] s;eq bhn kret p;ernin. m;] dui$ s*u$eks s;eq enn. A due$;r me/*E rtel; izl bel /;r,; kr; hY. a;r\ dui$ s*u$eks pb;sI srk;err kmRktR;edr k;ez s;epen reY y;Y. /;r,; kr; heCz a;r\ ibpul pirm;, rtsMpd di=,pUbR AixY;r ek;q;\ a;j\ luK;iYt a;ez. y;r sN/;en &;rtIY srk;err anusN/;nk;rIr; bidn `uerezn ikNtu sN/;n p;nin. 
    e$ilef;en im.b;nek px kerizl;m. yid Ab;err aN/sN/;nk;rI delr fl;fl gOhIt Ab' ent;jIr ict;&S &;ret ifireY enY; hY. t;hel su&;W cNd Ak;e@mI ik mu% qube pe y;eb ?
   eyehtu ent;jIr ict;&Sek s'r=, kr;r eex* Ak;e@mI gi#t heYez esE ict;&SE yid &;ret ifer y;Y t;hel Ak;e@mIr a;r ik k;j kr;r a;ez. bzer ent;jIr jNm \ mOt*uidbs p;ln kr; z;; a;r ek;n t_prt; enE. a;r im. h;Y;ix c;eCzn\ Ab;rE ict;&S &;rt ifireY ink. itin c;eCzn At bzr y%n ent;jIr ict;&Sek s'r=, ker Aesezn t-;r d;iYetBE eyn k;ji$ sMp hY. itin men krezn t-;r pirbetR a;r ek enE ey ent;jIr ict;&S &;ret ifireY idet edndrb;r c;ileY y;eb. ey k;re, Ak;e@mIr mUl kmRscIebr d;iYtB k;ek idet a;ghI nn. teb eniz keYkbzr pUebR ent;jIr kn*; aint; ai$Y; eqek Aesizeln. itin ipt;r ict;&S ede% ibXb;s kerizeln. im. h;Y;ixr s;eq p] ey;g;ey;g reYez aint;r. Amn\ het p;er exW pyRNt injd;iYetB aint;ek ipt;r ict;&S pd;n ker AE n;$ekr sm;iPt $;nebn. aint;r ps^ AelE y%n Aki$ kq; blet hY ent;jI yid sn*;sI heY eb-ec q;ekn t;hel Akb;r\ ik t-;r EeCz hYin k%en; aNttpe= a;tj;ek ed%;r ? t-;r S]I Aimil esel ek;q;Y a;ezn ik&;eb a;ezn j;n;r ? AE idkel; ik m;nibk nY sn*;sI et; m;nuW

s;Mpitkk;el ent;jI "

   s;Mpitkk;el yu prbtIR 50 bzr Ab' j;p;n&;rt kU$wnitk sMpekRr 50 bzr pUitR ple= ent;jIek Sr, krezn j;p;en ek ek. t;\ ibexW ikzu nY. AE et; egl 26 ex eseP$r 2002 j;p;enr Aki$ j;tIYt;b;dI s'Sh; inn k;Eig Nippon Kaigi j;p;n&;rt kU$wnitk sMpekRr 50 bzr pUitR ple= Aki$ a;el;cn; \ wnx pIite&;ejr a;eY;jn kerizl. AE anu;enr inbR;hI pirWed izeln p;n p/;n mN]I ilb;erl e@em;ei$k p;i$R Ali@ipr ent; eY;ixer; em;ir t;er; a;es; p;n pitr=; mh;pirc;lk eh;esE en;er;t; fuij_sur ecY;rm*;n Aimer$;s t;kum; EY;m;em;et; e$;ikeY; ibXbibd*;leYr Aimer$;s pefsr ekEicer; ek;eb;ir &;ret p;n j;p;nI r;dUt nij ek;b;EY;ix INA Ar p;n il-Y;jn aifs;r k;juen;ir kuinjuk; j;p;n&;rt wm]I simitr ecY;rm*;n pefsr ek;ij \k;em;et; _sukub; ibXbibd*;leYr Aimer$;s pefsr t;d;\ t;ekem;et; pmu%. a;miN]t aitiqedr me/* izeln e$;ikeY; ibedxI &;W; ibXbibd*;leYr pefsr b;'l; &;W; ibexW+ _sueY;ix n;r; p;n ibXb&;rtI ibXbibd*;leYr pefsr rbINd gebWk a;ju\ k;jum;sh p;Y 50 jn ix=; pit;n gebW,; s'Sh; bj;itk b*bs; pit;n a;Ntj;itRk sMpkR ibinmY s'Sh; s;'SkOitk s'Sh; p&Oitr ibix b*ibgR. skel n; hel\ ek ek ent;jIr kq; belezn. &;rtIY r;dUt a;ft;b ex# @. r;/;iben;d p;l \ t-;r ith;isk ibc;err r;Y sMpekR bleln. &;retr p/;n mN]I Ab' j;p;enr p/;n mN]Ish an*;n* mN]Iedr epirt b;,I p;# kr; hY. Aedr kN#/Binet n; hel\ aNt"Shel ent;jir Aki$ ibix a;sn reYez t; anu&b kr; egez. j;p;nIibedxI imileY p;Y 300 bYSk n;girekr piShit izl inilRPt. ebx keYkjn pbI, aitiq e=;& pk;x kreln At bzr pr ekn ent;jIek &;rt rt pd;enr m;/*em SbIkOit edY; hl ? &;rtIY Sb;;/Int;r aibs'b;idt ent; iyin pr;/In &;rtIYedr muid;t;\ be$n t-;r sMpekR A /renr abehl; sh* kr; y;Yn;. anu;enr et sMpit inimRt ij a;ijY; en; AEek; mu AixY;r jYxI n;mk Aki$ cliCc] pdxRnI. y;r ibWYbS\ izl &;rt \ b;mR;r Sb;/Int; yue j;p;enr &Uimk;. es%;en ent;jI b;r b;r Aesezn.
   sbt" A$;E a;p;tt" AE /renr exW anu;n. pkOtpe= yuer 50 bzr pr ent;jI sMpekR ntun ek;n e%ey;g* gNh b; a;el;kic] pdxRnI b; a;el;cn; s&;r s'b;d ec;e% pein. im. h;Y;ix\ bleln ent;jIr 50tm mOt*u b;iWRkI p;ln kr;r smY i$i& a;s;ihsh du/Aki$ c*;enl pitebdn tuel /erez. AE pyRNt itin j;enn. a;r ibexW ikzu s'b;d t-;r k;ez enE. gt 40 bzr pUebR ikzu gNh ent;jI ibWeY pk;ixt heYez y;r; ile%ezn t-;r; ent;jIr s;eq s'ix b*ibgR \ gebWk/ el%k. t;\ 10/11i$ geNhr ebxI nY. Ab' Ael;r punpRk;x\ heCzn;. tbu yu ibWYk gebW,; SOitc;r, Ab' pitebdn pcur pk;ixt heYez Ab' heCz j;p;nI p]pi]k; \ s;miYkIet es%;n b;r'b;r ent;jIr n;m Aesez a;sez Sb;&;ibk k;re,E. s;Mpitkk;el t, el%k gebWk y;r; j;p;n&;retr p;rSpirk ith;isk sMpkR ineY k;j krezn t;edr me/* ag,I &uimk; r;%ezn gebWk s;'b;idk t;ekEik t;n;k; 35. ib%*;t m;isk Eith;s ibWYk k;gj erikix nej;r ag;$ 2002 s'%;*;Y ent;jIek mUl*;Yn ker Aki$ b el%; ile%ezn. Az;; ent;jI ibWeY an*;n* ifc;r\ ile% a;sezn. 
A%n il%ezn r;sibh;rI bsur j;p;npb;s jIbenr \pr Aki$ p;m;,* gNh. es%;en\ ent;jIr kq; `uer ifer a;seb. 3/4 bzr a;eg et;eYAE cliCc] s'Sh; eqek inimRt heYez p;E@ n;em Aki$ cliCc] ibtikRt AE cliCce] ent;jIek etBr s;eq tuel /r; heYez. Ar pirc;lk nEY; Eet; e`;W,; kerezn ent;jIr \pr Aki$ pU,Rwd`R* cliCc] wtrI krebn. s;/;r, n;girkedr me/* y;r; ser;/R t;edr s;eq b;'l;&;retr ps^ #elE n;k;mur;EY;r ibh;rI eb;su r;s ibh;rI bsu Ened; en; AEE cNd; eb;su Ab' p;a; h;kuix ibc;rpit @. r;/;iben;d p;l AE itnjenr n;m Ar; sM;enr s;eq Cc;r, kern. ibexW ker AE pbI,edr k;ez ent;jI Ab' @. p;elr a;sn %ubE -cu. AixY;Y idBtIY ibxByuer Eith;s ik'b; AixY;r Sb;/Int;r Eith;s ent;jIek b;d ideY rcn; kr; sb nY.
   A%;en Ak;e@mIr a;erki$ e%ey;g* k;ejr kq; n; blel nY esi$ heCz " ent;jIr pb;s jIbenr 50 b_sr pUitR ple= 1995 s;el pk;ixt 250 pO;r Aki$ S;rk gNh. ent;jI et; ineh;njIn Netaji's Idea and Movement with Japanese) n;mk sMpU,R j;p;nI &;W;r AE geNh j;p;nI bmIR di=, &;rtIY Ab' b;^;lI b*itB t-;edr SOitc;r, kerezn ent;jI sMpekR. reYez aenk j;n;aj;n; tq* Ab' rIn s;d;k;el; dulR& a;el;kic]. gNhi$ ibn;mUel* keYk xt kip ibtr, kr; heYez. yuer pr ad*;bi/ AE pyRNtE ent;jIr mUl*;Yn heYez b; heCz.

su&;W eb;s Ak;e@mIr &ibW*_ "
   yid Ab;r ibc;rpit men;j ek. mu%;jIRr anusN/;nkOt tq*;id pm;, kret p;er ey ent;jIr mOt*u heYez t;E\Y;en Ab' ernek;ij ebo miNder ey ict;&S &edr dB;r; gt 57 bzr /er aityetr s;eq s'ri=t heCz t; in&Rul&;eb ent;jIrE t;hel Ab;rE ent;jI plit j;p;npb;esr Eit `i$eY aenkekE ibW ker t-;r m;tO&uim &;rt tq; piXcmb;'l;Y ifer y;ebn. SbiStr in"Xb;s eflebn im. m;s;\ h;Y;ixsh ey kjn pbI, & anus;rI ent;jIa;dexR ibXb;sIA%n\ eb-ec a;ezn.
   teb esE s;eq enem a;seb Aki$ pebRr ybink;a;Cz kreb pbI, aenkekE in"s^t;r kuY;x;Y. hYtb; nbIn ek Aes ent;jI \ j;p;enr sMpkRek t-;r pib] SOitek b-;iceY r;%et Ak;e@mIr xp;]i$ gh, krebn.
AE pt*;x;Y ent;jIr n;m a;r\ dUr ey;jnb*;pI pit/Bint eh;kSr,IY eh;k AE k;mn; a;m;edr.

 

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