j;p;enr @;eY$ l;EebrI   y;du`err pirpUrk
p[bIr ibk;x srk;r
aitiq gebWk irs;cR esN$;r fr m@;,R a*; kne$eMp;r;ir S$;i@j
t;kuex;ku ibXbibd*;lY j;p;n

p;lR;emN$ek j;p;in &;W;Y @;eY$ bl; hY

   j;p;enr @;eY$ l;EebrI Aki$ j;tIY pit;n y; ineY j;p;inr; egorb kretE p;ern. Amn Aki$ pit;n sit*E AixY;et ibrl. /u AixY;etE nY bihRibeXbr an*;n* t edxel;et\ @;eY$ l;EebrI b*;pk supiricit reYez. j;p;in &;W;Y Ar pkOt n;m ek;kuir_su ek;K;E et;ex;k;n aqR;_ j;tIY s'sd gNh;g;r. AE pit;ni$ ann* s;/;r, Ak y;du`r blel atu*i kr; heb n;. eknn; A%;en p-uiqp] /u s'ri=t nY reYez ibx;l Ak &;;r y;r me/* suri=t a;ez xtbWR p;cIn s;miYkI g;enr erk@R k*;es$ m;Ee;ifLm s;E@ ic]kmR p;cIn m;nic] a;el;kic] as'%* p;uilip j;p;in &;W;Y pk;ixt Ak;i/k ibXbek;W j;itb*ingrg;m p&Oitr mh;ek;W c;kl; mh;ek;W a;r\ ktik reYez s;'Oitk sMpd \ indxRn smUehr jnsmue% pdxRnI kr;r jn* a;/uink k= s&;k= imln;Ytn er$uerN$. s;r; bzrE AE pit;en kmRrt srk;ir kmRc;rI asb b*St n;n; /renr ez;$ b =ud;it=ud a;bx*k k;jkmR ineY. iniribil suns;n e%;l;eml; pirser y; ekbl k,R memR b;ej t; hl kiMp$;err ikk ikk x. dUrdUr;Nt eqek a;gt aeNbW, kr; gNh b; dillp] anusN/;enr jn* as'%* kiMp$;r b*bh;r ker q;ekn. y;r; ntun b; j;enn n; anusN/;enr ekoxl t;edr shey;igt; kr;r jn* reYez %k;lIn kmRjIbI ibXbibd*;leYr z;]z;]Ir;. p;el%;r jn* n; hel\ `uer ed%;r jn* Akb;r aNtt a;esn dUerr xhr g;m b; ejl;el; eqek ezel bue;r;. ibedxI z;] z;;\ Ak;kI pyR$k\ t;r me,r t;ilk;Y @;eY$ l;EebrIek r;e%n. 

   yue;r 1948 s;elr efbӲY;ir m;es m;ikRn yur;er l;EebrI ab k'egs Ar anukre, ek;kuir_su ek;K;E et;ex;k;n @;eY$ l;EebrI a;En n;em ibi/ gOhIt hY. mUl ex* " s;'sd a;EnjIbI Ab' s;/;r, m;nuW y;et ix=; \ tq* s'gh kret p;er bOhr pirser. ibi/ anuy;YI @;eYe$r Cc \ inMn ke=r gNh;g;r Ab' e$;ikeY;Sh a;k;s;k; xher abiSht p;n EeMpirY;l l;EebrIek Aki]t ker EMpirY;l l;EebrIetE @;eY$ l;EebrIr e;/n hY bzerr jun m;esr 5 t;ireY. 1949 s;el eYen; xher abiSht a;erki$ j;tIY gNh;g;rek Ar s;eq s'yu ker 1961 s;el btRm;n @;eYe$r s'lg Sh;en p/;n &bn inmR;, kr; hY. Arpr 1968 s;el AE &benr &Ug&RSh a;$tl; ibix p/;n &bn s'lg bi/Rt &bn A*;en inimRt hY.

   ikNtu AE dui$ &bn y%n Akux xtek sMpU,R heY y;eb a;r\ bEpuStk an*;n* s'geh t%n Sh;n;&;b ed%; edeb AE icNt; ker punr;Y sMps;re,r pirkLpn; gOhIt hY. Ab;r e$;ikeY;et n; ker di=,piXcm j;p;enr esoNdeyRr lIl;&Uim ikeY;et; xhrSh k;ns;E k;n b; k;ns;E &bn n;em ntun gNh;g;r Sh;ipt hY 2002 s;elr ae;br m;es. an*idek AkE smeY 2002 s;elr 5E em t;ire% p;n \eYen; x;%; gNh;g;rek a;Ntj;itRk ix gNg;g;r iheseb c;lukr, j;p;enr ann* Ak kOittB. AE gNh;g;ri$ sbt" j;p;nsh AixY;Y pqm smO Aki$ ibx;l ix gNh;g;r.

   e$;ikeY;Sh @;eY$ l;EebrIr p/;n \ bi/Rt &bn dui$ imileY em;$ piri/ 148000 bgRim$;r. due$; &benr bEeYr t;kel; yid Ak$;r pr Ak$; $;n; s;j;en; hY t;hel m/* e$;ikeY; eqek ikeY;et; pyRNt r;%; y;eb A*;en b; bi/Rt &bni$ sudOx* supirsr pk;xn; \ s;'Oitk sMpd s'r=e,r Ak a;dxR rt;lY b; %in. emeZr pirm;, heCz 72942 bgRim$;r. &benr ekNdShel reYez Ak;i/k e%;p eyel; ideY p;kOitk a;el; a;el;ikt Z,R;r met; Aekb;er &Ug&RSh ke= igeY peez. qer qer s;j;en; t;kel; sbE Y'iY dӲt srbr;h Ab' punRSh;pn kr; y;Y Amn&;eb wtrI. AE &benr me/* reYez Aki$ sudOx* pdxRnI k= Ab' a;/uink imln;Ytn. duE &bn imileY p;#k= reYez 16i$.

   Aehn j;p;enr j;tIY s'sd gNh;g;err s'gh kt pirm;,? e%-;j ineY j;net epl;m gNgs'%*; heCz " 6880000 m*;g;ijn b; s;miYkIr s'%*; " 140000 an*;n* s'gh
s'%*; 487000. abx* AE ibx;l s'gehr me/* /u j;p;in nY bihRibeXbr j;it r; s'Sh;smUehr mUl*b;n tq* Eith;s tq* \ pk;xn;\ aNt&Ru. eymn
UN, ILO, World Bank, ICJ, IMF, WHO, FAO, ICAO, GATT/WTO, IAEA, UNESCO, EU p&Oitr ibx;l s'gh A%;en reYez pitinYt s'gh kr; heCz. Ael;r yq;yq s'r=, inYN], Ab' edexr an*;n* gNh;g;rel;ek s;miYk&;eb /;r edY; ntun ntun gNh s;miYkI ith;isk indxRn s'gh mjud kip t;ilk;&ui elebil' epp;r k;i$' e@$; pesis' anl;En s;i&Rs kt rkemr k;j ineY piti$=, asb b*St kmRktR;r; c;=us n; ed%el ibXb;s kr; ki#n es Al;ih Ak k;

   A%n k;j clez s'sd gNh;g;rek ik&;eb ibXb;Yn kr; y;Y aqR;_ y;ek bel Ein&;sR;l l;EebrI es$; b;Stb;Yenr k;j
a;r AE le=* a;g;m c;lu kr; heYez i@ij$;l anl;En s;i&Rs 1980 s;elE. EN$;rene$r m;/*em A%n tq* ed%; kip kr; Ab' anusN/;enr suey;g sOi heYez. pitidn jIibk;r k;ej b*St j;p;inr; anl;Een gNh;g;er pebx kret p;rezn etmin ibXbb;sIr jn*\ shj heYez b;Eer eqek tq* s'gehr anusN/;enr. Eel$ink j;nR;l ke= 10000 Ar ebix ibedxI j;nR;l ed%;r suey;g reYez. Ak tq*ibbr,I eqek j;n; y;eCz EN$;rene$r m;/*em anuer;/kOt b*ibegRr c;ihd;r 80
% Ar ebix pUr, ker q;ekn ktORp= gNh;id s;miYkI s'ri=t tq*;idr kip srbr;ehr m/* ideY s;ehr p-;cidenr me/*E. y%n pitpe=r c;ihd; em$;en; sb nY t%n c;ridenr me/* ktORp= ap;rgt; j;ineY edn. jwnk kmRktR; j;n;eln anl;Een tq* anusN/;nk;rIr s'%*; mb/Rm;n. fel b*Stt;\ ebeez keYkgun. es;mb;r eqek xinb;r pyRNt p[;Y cix `N$; aqb; s;ehr p[;Y s;tidnE
ktORp= anl;En s;i&Resr m;/*em anuer;/ gh, \ srbr;h ideY a;sezn. c;ihd; AtE ebix ey pit m;esr tOtiY ribb;r sk;l 7"00 eqek r;t 10"00 pyRNt s;i&Rs idet heCz.

   t;rpr\ aenekE a;ezn y-;r; ep;rimi@Y;m b; muidt pk;xn; eqek tq* s'gh kip kret a;ghI b; beY;bO y-;r; kiMp$;r ani&+ t-;r; suey;g ker sr;sir gNh;g;er p; r;e%n a;r t;edr s'%*; em;e$E km nY. a;b;r /um;] ipY
gNh;id p;# kr;r jn* pitidn absrp; bYedr piShit l= kr;r met;. teb A$; i#k ey t, p;#ekr s'%*; kmE l=,IY.

   j;p;inr; s;/;r,t" inYm emen cl; j;it. t;E A rkm Aki$ tBpU,R pit;n y;et suu&;eb clet p;er t;r; yq;sb shey;igt; ker q;ekn. edexr an*;n* xt xt gNg;g;err inYm nIit Ak nY. A%;en ek gNh /;r ker b;iet ineY eyet p;rebn n;. kip ker inet heb. pit ejr kip kr b*tIt 30 EeYn. m;Ee;ifl eqek kip krel pit kip kr b*tIt 63 EeYn. k;l;r kip kr b*tIt 200 EeYn. kip kr;r e=e]\ reYez kipr;E$ s';Nt ibi/ineW/. Aki$ gNh aqb; s;miYkIr ek;n pbeN/r sMpU,R a'x kip kr; y;eb n;. a;'ixk kipr anuem;dn reYez. fel Ak;i/kb;r n; egel sMpU,R tq*r kip s'gh sb nY.

   Az;; pitb;r gNh;g;er pebx kr;r smY Sh;YI sds*edr emixen k;@R A*;iN$ ker inet heb. y;edr k;@R enE es%;en emixn eqek /um;] esidenr jn* k;@R s'gh ker inet heb. abx* ibn;mUel*.

   aenk b;r s'sd gNh;g;er igeYiz esE 1990 s;l eqek. ek;nidn Sh;YI sds*k;@R wtir kirin. gt em m;esr Ak zui$et igeyizl;m Ab' m;] ibx imine$r me/* k;@R wtir ker ideln s'ix kmRktR; Ab' peY;jnIY dillp] ideY b*;%*; kreln inYm;bil. kI i=p gitet k;j kern AE edexr m;nuW yN]\ buiZ h;r m;neb

   esidn s;r;idnb*;pI rbINdn;eqr \ pr tq* %-ujl;m. ikNtu a;x;nup p;Ein. bl; heY q;ek ey j;p;en pk;ixt ey ek;n gNh \ s;miYkI s'sd gNh;g;er p;#;en; inYm s'r=e,r jn*. ey k;re, bl; heY q;ek ey gNh s'sd gNh;g;er enE es$; ek;q;\ enE a;im aenkel; rbINdibWYk j;p;in pk;xn; j;p;en a;ib:k;r keriz y; ineY il%iz Eith;s a;ez Eith;es enE Aki$ gNh. esE a;krgNhel;r Aki$\ AE gNh;g;er epl;m n;. etmin&;eb fN$ n;em Aki$ !;s \Y;rg;ifk @/_m_/p j;p;in m*;g;ijenr h;r;en; EiY;Esu*r Aki$ kip %-ujiz bidn /er. y; itIY ibXbyuer smY pk;ixt heYizl. t;r\ ek;n Aki$ kip s'sd gNh;g;er %-uej p;Ein. e$;ikeY; $;Ebun;el %*;itm;n ibc;rpit @" r;/;iben;d p;l sMpikRt pt*;ixt tq*;idr\ hidx enE tq;ip Ik;r n; ker p;Y enE ey j;p;enr s'sd gNh;g;r in"seNdeh Aki$ aj;n; mh;edx ey%;en s'gehr wbic]* an;Y;es h;ireY y;\Y; y;eb. dOi \ mn Ak aecn; &;b;lut;Y a;put heY y;eb gNh;g;r ktORk a;eY;ijt ibexW ibexW ith;isk s;'Oitk s'gehr jmk;el; pdxRnI ik'b; tui&ik ixLpkl;indxRnel; a;eY;jn ed%el per men heb pitinYt pirbtRn \ s';rE eyn s'Oit

   /u t;E nY AE gNh;g;err a;r\ Aki$ ibexW keYki$ &Uimk; reYez edx \ bihRibXbek tq*smO kr;r jn*. t;edr me/* p;it;ink pk;xn; esimn;err a;eY;jn e%ey;g*. ibStr pk;xn; reYez gNh;g;err t;r me/* inYimt inj injel$;r suibn*St gNh t;ilk; s;;ihk j;p;in ibbil\g;if Conference of Directors of National Libraries in Asia and Oceania (CDNLAO) ibbls buks an j;p;n @;Y;$ l;EebrI b;iWRk irep;$R k;erN$ A\Y*;rens k;erN$ A\Y*;rensE Ani@Al irs;cR irep;$R p&Oit sibexW e%ey;g*. @;eYe$r inYimt s'sdIY k;jkmR kmRk;r ibbr,I pk;xn; \ ikMp$;er e@$;pesis' ker r;%;\ @;eY$ l;EebrIr Aki$ tBpU,R k;j.  

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